Zambia. Before the general election this autumn, there was turbulence among the political parties. Two new opposition alliances were formed in the hope of defeating President Levy Mwanawasa. He suffered a mild stroke in April and was brought to the UK to receive hospital care. He recovered enough to be eligible for re-election. In contrast, the opposition was hit by a hardship when it envisaged the chief challenger of the presidential post, Anderson Mazoka, passed away at a hospital in South Africa after a period of illness. In the presidential election, Mwanawasa won by about 43% of the votes ahead of Michael Sata and Hakainde Hichilema with about 27% each. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Zambia include Independence Day (October 24) and New Year (January 1). Mwanawasa’s Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) party retained government power after receiving 72 of Parliament’s 158 seats.
Economically, 2006 was a good year for Zambia. For the first time since the mid-1970s, inflation fell below 10%, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) praised the government for its ability to revitalize the mining industry as well as agriculture. More than half of the country’s foreign debt of about SEK 50 billion. was closed.
In October, the government announced that it had found oil and gas reserves in the country for the first time. The sites were said to be near the border with Angola.
Agriculture and fishing
Zambia has good topographic and climatic conditions for agriculture, with the possibility of producing a variety of goods. Agriculture employs about 2/3 of the working population, but this occasion. the large mining sector does not contribute to agriculture with more than 10-15% of GNI. About. 7% of the land area is cultivated, approx. 40% is used as pasture; about. 43% are forested.
Artificial irrigation is poorly developed, and agriculture is therefore vulnerable to precipitation. However, Zambia has water reserves that provide opportunities for increased irrigation. In normal years, the country is mainly self-sufficient in food, and sometimes has an export surplus. Agriculture is mostly run by small farmers in a traditional and unproductive way, and consists mostly of maize, cassava, peanuts, sugar cane, sorghum, rice, wheat, millet and beans for their own use. Commercial agriculture consists of a few larger farms, as well as a considerable number of medium-sized farms. Main sales products are coffee, tobacco, cotton and vegetables.
Animal husbandry is extensive, but yields limited yield as the stock is not fully utilized. Pets are kept all over the country, as close as in the north as well as some areas where the tsetse fly occurs.
Forestry is significant, especially in the Copperbelt. Zambia’s forests cover an area of 323 000 km2.
There are relatively large quantities of fish in lakes, rivers and swamps; the majority from Bangweulu. The most important fish species are capenta, which is especially found in Tanganyika, and tilapia (a bream fish).