United Arab Emirates 2006
United Arab Emirates. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in United Arab Emirates include Independence Day (December 2) and New Year (January 1). The United Arab Emirates Vice President and Prime Minister, Sheikh Maktum ibn Rashid Maktum, as well as Emir of Dubai since 1990, died on January 4 during a visit to Australia. He turned 62 years old. He was succeeded by his younger brother, Defense Minister Muhammad Rashid al-Maktum, who pushed for Dubai’s construction boom, as well as investment in tourism and free trade zones. Dubai is one of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates. Before the sheikh died, he had in December 2005 announced that the United Arab Emirates would hold its first, indirect election to the Federal National Council (FNC) previously designated by the seven emirate leaders. Half of the Council’s 40 members would be elected by an electoral assembly in December 2006, the others as previously appointed by the emirate’s leaders weighted according to population figures. Women would also be allowed to run for office.
In March, hundreds of guest workers, who are in the process of constructing what will become the world’s tallest building, Burj Khalifa, attacked the police. They were dissatisfied with pay and working conditions and caused extensive damage. The human rights organization Human Rights Watch later criticized the United Arab Emirates government for the treatment of guest workers, not least in the construction industry. About half a million of the United Arab Emirates’s more than 2.7 million guest workers come from South Asia.
In March, the company Dubai Ports World (DPW), based in the United Arab Emirates, bought the British competitor P&O and strengthened its position as one of the world’s largest port operators. The acquisition sparked heated debate in the United States when six US major ports ended up in DPW’s ownership. Critics feared that a foreign owner could contribute to an increased risk of terrorist attacks and claimed that two of the hijackers in the September 11 attacks in 2001 came from the United Arab Emirates. President George W. Bush did not have to fight when DPW announced that the US business segment would be resold.
In October, United Arab President Khalifa ibn Zaid al-Nahyan announced stricter laws against human smuggling with penalties for life imprisonment in some cases.
Saudi Arabia was reported to be critical of plans to build a 36-mile-long gas pipeline on the bottom of the Gulf of Persia from Qatar to the United Arab Emirates. Deliveries were planned for the summer of 2007. A large part of the United Arab Emirates’ abundant gas supplies are sulfur-containing.
Abu Dhabi Brief Guide
Abu Dhabi (sometimes Abu Zaby) is the largest of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates. Abu Dhabi is also a city of the same name and the capital of the country. In 2000, there lived about a million people, 80% of whom were immigrants. Nearly 70% of the country’s wealth is invested in this emirate. Since 2009, Abu Dhabi has been running a Formula 1 race scheduled for early November.
- According to abbreviationfinder, AE is the abbreviation code for United Arab Emirates.
Population. – The population, made up largely of Arabs and Bedouins, of Muslim religion of Sunni and Shiite rite, is concentrated mainly in the emirate of Dubai, which has 59,100 residents, Concentrated for over 80% in the capital of the state, Dubai (57,469 residents), The only true city center, lively port and good international airport, equipped with modern infrastructures (rapidly developing thanks to oil revenues), such as schools, hospitals, etc.
Economic activities. – The residents of the UAE are mainly engaged in agricultural activities in the oases (dates, cereals, vegetables), fishing (including pearls), nomadic breeding (goats-camels). The discovery and exploitation of oil resources, which began in 1962 in Abū Ẓabī and then extended to the nearby emirate of Dubai, to the submarine fields of Umm Shaif, Zakūm and Fāteḥ and the coastal ones of Murban and Bū Ḥasā, have changed the living conditions of the two emirates, bringing a wave of well-being to the population that has ended up creating greater contrasts with the backwardness and misery of the other emirates and has caused strong internal migratory flows towards the centers more enlivened by oil. In 1971 the wells of Dubai and Abū Ẓabī supplied 6,372,000 t and 45,024 respectively. 000 t of crude oil and production is constantly increasing. There are two oil companies operating: ADPC (which works inland, with particular intensity around the Murdan fields) and ADMA (which carries out its activity along the coasts, especially in Kakum and the offshore field of Bundung).
Thanks to oil revenues, it has been possible to plan huge public works that have given rise to an industrialization process which, however, accentuates internal imbalances because it is always directed towards areas that, thanks to oil, had already been able to recover from the now archaic condition of misery.
Foreign trade sees the export of oil prevailing 90%, followed at a great distance by dried fish and pearls. The countries these products go to (Japan, United Kingdom, etc.) are also those that export to the UAE (manufactured goods).
The most developed communication routes are maritime (ports of Abū Ẓabī and Dubai) and air (international airports in Dubai, Shargiah, Abū Ẓabī), while internal roads are insufficient.