Thailand. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Thailand include Independence Day (December 5) and New Year (January 1). Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra announced in January that his family sold all shares in his mobile phone company Shin Corp to a state investment company in Singapore for the equivalent of over SEK 13 billion. The purpose of the sale was said to be to avoid suspicions of conflicts of interest. However, the message that the family did not pay taxes on the sales sum, which was said to be entirely according to law, triggered protests against Thaksin in the capital, Bangkok, where the influential middle class had long relied on what it saw as its mix of private economy and politics. The protests regularly gathered tens of thousands of participants demanding the departure of the Prime Minister. In February, Thaksin dissolved parliament and announced new elections. He offered the largest opposition parties to participate in the government, but they declined and agitated for an election boycott. Through the boycott, Thaksin’s party won Thai straight Thai and government-friendly small parties in both chambers, but since not all seats in the National Assembly were occupied, Parliament did not make a decision. The Constitutional Court annulled the election with not all requirements being met and the three election commissioners were sentenced to each of four years in prison. Prime Minister Thaksin, who announced his departure in connection with the election, re-entered office without further explanation after a few weeks of absence. Now, however, political life was closest to the paralysis, especially as the country’s three highest judicial bodies rejected plans for re-election in October.
On September 20, military under the command of Army Chief Sonthi Boonyaratglin took power. The military junta declared the government dismissed, dissolved Parliament, repealed the constitution, banned political activities and general meetings, introduced media censorship and proclaimed state of emergency throughout the country. King Bhumibol, who in June celebrated 60 years on the throne, expressed his support for the coup men, but in the outside world the military takeover was condemned. The US introduced financial sanctions, which included This meant that military assistance for the equivalent of about SEK 170 million. a year was withdrawn. Juntan appointed retired general Surayud Chulanont as the leader of an official-dominated interim government. However, the attempts to prosecute Thaksin Shinawatra for corruption went bad. In June, the youth leader Sonthi admitted that investigators had found no evidence of corruption.
In November, the exception laws in 41 of Thailand’s 76 provinces were repealed. They remained in force in provinces where support for Thaksin was strong, as well as in border areas.
The public New Year celebration was canceled in Bangkok and other cities after three people were killed and about 30 injured in eight concerted bomb attacks in Bangkok on New Year’s Eve. Junk-hostile forces were suspected of death.
In the Muslim-dominated provinces in the south, the military did not cope with the separatist violence, despite promises of economic efforts. Blast attacks and murders occurred throughout the year.
Shortly after the coup, Bangkok’s new major airport, Suvarnabhumi, was inaugurated at the end of September, which was said to have the world’s largest terminal building and the world’s tallest control tower.
Thailand – Bangkok
Bangkok, Thai Krung Thep, Thailand’s capital, 40 km inside Thailand Bay; 5. 7 million residents (2015). Bangkok is Thailand’s dominant center for economy, culture and education, and the wealth gap between the metropolitan area and the rest of the country is gradually increasing. In Bangkok there is the main part of the industry with the production of consumer goods, transport equipment, building materials, wood products and chemical products. During the 1990s, transnational companies established export-oriented production of electronic equipment to Bangkok. However, most of the employment is in trade, administration and other service production. Bangkok has several universities and is the seat of a number of international organizations. Tourism is also of great importance. Since the city’s port has slammed again so much that it cannot receive deep-sea vessels, a large part of the export transport has been moved to a new port facility about 100 km southeast of the city.
A characteristic feature of the cityscape is hundreds of magnificent Buddhist pagodas, temples and monasteries. Most famous is Wat Phra Kaeo, the temple of the Emerald Buddha, located within the walled area of the royal palace. Since the 1950s, Bangkok has received many modern Western-style buildings. Most of the old canals, the “clones”, have been transformed into streets and wide thoroughfares, but the city’s rapid growth and the rapidly increasing traffic have caused severe traffic and environmental problems.
Bangkok has been the capital since 1782. Originally, the city was a small fishing village, which in the 18th century was fortified to protect the river road to the then capital Ayutthaya. In 1767, Ayutthaya fell to Burmese armies. The head and the country’s government moved south, first to Thon Buri on the west side of the river and finally to Bangkok in connection with King Rama I ( 1782-1809) ascending the throne and founding the Chakrid dynasty, which has since ruled Thailand.