Sao Tome and Principe 2006
São Tomé and Príncipe. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in São Tomé and Príncipe include Independence Day (July 12) and New Year (January 1). Foreign Minister Ovidio Pequeno was dismissed in March after accusations of having transferred Moroccan aid worth approximately SEK 3.5 million. to own bank accounts in Europe. Prosecutions of corruption have dropped several governments in recent years.
General elections in March led to a new majority in parliament. The MDFM party, which stands close to President Fradique de Menezes, received 23 of the 55 seats, against 20 mandates for the former government party and the MLSTP Liberation Movement. MDFM failed to form a coalition with the third largest party ADI, but count on the support of its 11 members in the polls. As new Prime Minister, the President appointed MDFM Secretary-General Tomé Vera Cruz.
In July, President de Menezes was re-elected with 60% of the vote for a new five-year term. He had two counter-candidates.
Local elections were held in August.
São Tomé and Príncipe Overview
The magnificent beaches and landscapes of São Tomé and Príncipe are home to rare endemic plant and animal species. The islands are important for the protection of birds and many of the island species are endangered.
The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is a small island nation off the coast of Africa. Its islands are located 225 and 250 kilometers west of Gabon. The larger and more southern of the islands, São Tomé, is just north of the equator. It is 50 kilometers long and 32 kilometers wide, the smaller Príncipe again 30 kilometers long and about 6 kilometers wide. The mountainous islands are remnants of an ancient volcanic string and São Tomé’s highest point, Pico de São Tomé, rises to 2,024 meters. The first residents of the islands were Portuguese in the 15th century. They brought slaves there from the African continent, and today most of the residents are backed by ancestors from both Europe and Africa. The islands first produced sugar, then cocoa and in the 21st century oil. The magnificent beaches and landscapes of São Tomé and Príncipe are home to rare endemic plant and animal species. The islands are important for the protection of birds and many of the island species are endangered.
- According to abbreviationfinder, ST is the abbreviation code for Sao Tome and Principe.
Area: 964 km²
Population: 211,122 (estimate 7/2020)
Capital: São Tomé
Population: Ethnically mixed population, descendants of Portuguese and other African countries
Language: Portuguese 98% (official), forro 36%, Cape Verde 8%, French 6%, Angola 6%, English 5%
Religion: Catholics 56%, Protestants
Form of government: Republic
São Tomé and Príncipe: State composed of the archipelago of the two homonymous islands in the Gulf of Guinea, off the coast of Gabon. Reached in 1469-71 by the Portuguese who planted the cultivation of sugar cane with slave labor, it was then a stage in the slave trade towards the Americas. From the 19th century. large-scale coffee and cocoa were grown there. In the mid-twentieth century, the intensive exploitation of labor and land policies caused widespread social malaise and severely repressed unrest (1953). The Movimento de libertação de São Tomé e Príncipe led the independence claim, which in 1975 led to independence from Portugal, established an Afro-Marxist regime, which in 1990 became a multi-party democracy.military coup, then returned through an agreement between the parties. A new coup attempt was denounced in 2009.