San Marino 2006
San Marino. In June elections were held for Parliament. Both parties in the government coalition returned and lost their majority. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in San Marino include Independence Day (September 3) and New Year (January 1). The Christian Democratic PDCS received 21 seats and the Social Democratic PSD received 20. The PSD, formed by a merger of two left-wing parties in 2005, received seven seats less than the two predecessors had in common. In July, the PSD formed a center-left coalition together with the election’s three and four, the People’s Alliance (AP) and the United Left. The coalition had 32 of the total 60 seats in Parliament.
A division of the territory of the state, of double aspect, ecclesiastical and cadastral, is that into 9 parishes: of the capital San Marino (or of the “Pieve”) with the Borgo Maggiore, ecclesiastically now separated, of Acquaviva, of Chiesanuova, of Domagnano, of Faetano, of Fiorentino, of Montegiardino, of Serravalle and of San Giovanni (joined ecclesiastically to Acquaviva).
A political-administrative division is that in 10 castles or districts, with a magistrate representing the central government (delegation), called captain of the castle.
The ecclesiastical jurisdiction falls within the diocese of Montefeltro – bishop of Pennabilli – except for the territory of ENE. (Serravalle and Faetano), which depends on the bishop of Rimini. The ancient “Pieve” of the capital, for historical and political reasons, was elevated to a minor basilica in July 1926 (the 1625th year of the foundation of the republic) with an apostolic brief of Pius XI.
Regarding the distribution of the population, the settlements and the politia, it should be noted, in close relationship with the agrarian economy of the state, that it is above all scattered, being able to calculate less than 40 per cent that of the major or minor centers and higher than 60 the scattered.
San Marino, the capital of the republic, at m. 700 sm with about 2000 residents, is a town surrounded by walls, with three gates, of S. Francesco, della Rupe and della Fratta. It is in a dominant site on the “sasso del Titano”, immediately under the first “pen”, the westernmost, of the Rocca or “Guaita” (from the dialectal “guaitare” to guard), where the limestone wall of the “sasso” falls perpendicular for almost 300 meters. From San Marino you can comfortably climb to the Rocca and, from here, under a long crenellated and turreted wall, you can reach the other two “pens”, the Cesta or Fratta (from “fratta” or hedge of brambles), surmounted by a pentagonal tower, and Montale, with a smaller tower.
From the Rocca which is 17 km away. as the crow flies from the Adriatic, a wonderful view sweeps from the Ravenna pine forests to the Rimini and Pesaro beaches, to the Dante coastal hills of Focara and Gabicce, to the Conero.
At the foot of the Rocca, at m. 520, is the Borgo Maggiore, – the Mercatale – commercial center of the state, seat of the consulate of Italy; historically it is part of the capital, a suburb, and with it and the Piagge it constituted the first Gualdaria of the republic; the population is approaching a thousand residents: the altimetric distance between it and the city is crossed by a road of 2 km., through the Piagge, in the middle of which is the Montalbo, the common monumental cemetery.
A remarkable nucleus of 600 residents it is Serravalle (148 m), the first town (parish) to be found on the national road coming from the kingdom of Italy.