Samoa 2006

Samoa 2006

Yearbook 2006

Samoa. At the March parliamentary elections, the ruling HRPP (Human Rights Protection Party) increased its majority, taking 33 out of 49 seats. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Samoa include Independence Day (June 1) and New Year (January 1). The opposition party SDUP (Samoa Democratic United Party) was given ten seats and the others went to independent candidates. Following the appeal in a constituency, SDUP later lost a mandate, which went to an independent politician.

Although the opposition in the electoral movement accused the government of corruption, Samoa emerged as an island of political stability in a southern sea of ​​unstable states. The same party, HRPP, has been in power for close to a quarter of a century. The economy has grown in recent years and many rural Samoans have received improved service. About 60% of the population gets their livelihood from agriculture, while tourism is the main source of income for foreign currency. The economy is dependent on the funds that Samoans with work abroad send home. In New Zealand, approximately 120,000 Samoans live, two-thirds of the population in Samoa.

Samoa Map with Surrounding Countries

Samoa Overview

Samoa is officially called the Independent State of Samoa. Samoa is located about halfway between Hawaii and Australia. Samoa consists of the islands of Upolu and Sava, as well as seven smaller islands. One in three Samoans lives on the island of Upolu, where the capital Apia is also located. The highest mountain in Samoa, Mauga Silisili, is on the island of Sava.

Talofa Lava! The beauty of these postcard-like islands is enchanting, the kindness of the people delights and the warmth feels quite pleasant to the northern bones. Samoa’s main mountainous islands and lush valleys are surrounded by white sandy beaches like pearl belts, where dark cliffs are like locks. Here, a colorful glow of flowers competes with sunny smiles and the water drops of the waterfalls sparkle like the sides of fish swaying between corals. In addition to the beautiful nature, the local culture is also worth exploring. Samoans are proud of The Samoan Way (The Samoan Way), their history spans up to 3,000 years.

Area: 2 831 km²

Population: 203,774 (estimate 7/2020)

Capital: Apia

Language: Samoan and English

Currency: Tala (WST)

Population: Samoans 92.6%. In addition, European and Polynesian descendants.

Religion: Christians 98.9%

Form of government: Republic

Economic conditions. – 60% of the active population (46,000 units) is dedicated to agriculture, which remains the main resource of the islands. But the crops are not very extensive, occupying only 22.2% of the agricultural and forest surface, while forests and woods cover 58.8%, meadows and permanent pastures 2.1%, 6.8%. it belongs to the uncultivated and unproductive. The main crops are those introduced by the colonizers, which, indeed, after independence were renewed and developed. Particular attention was paid to coconut palm plantations (180,000 t of walnuts and 200,000 q of copra in 1975). Even the cultivation of banana trees, which since 1965 had undergone a strong contraction due to a plant disease, to the point of providing a production of just 30,000 q in 1968, is now recovering (140,000 q in 1975). Banana trees are often grown in the new coconut palm plantations, in order to derive an immediate income from the land planted with palm trees, which reach full productive maturity only after fifteen years. Instead, the cultivation of cocoa (20,000 q in 1975) and of the most common and typical food plants, such as taro, yam and breadfruit, is stationary, while the exploitation of the forest is intensified (117,000 m3 of lumber in 1975). Breeding is also of little importance, which, despite showing a constant increase (21,000 cattle, 47,000 pigs, 3,000 horses), is not sufficient for the needs of the population. The industrial activity is also almost non-existent, limited to a few plants, mostly recent, concerning the processing of wood and the production of basic necessities (clothing, soaps, food).

Overall, the state economy remains subordinated to imports from abroad (meat, sugar, cotton, equipment goods), whose value in recent years has far exceeded that of exports (cocoa, copra, bananas), so that the trade balance is highly passive: in 1975 goods for 22,520,000 tala were imported (i tala = 1155.9 lire in 1978), and 4,550,000 tala were exported.