Paraguay. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Paraguay include Independence Day (May 14) and New Year (January 1). Former President and dictator Alfredo Stroessner died at the age of 93 on August 16 at a hospital in Brazil’s capital, where he has lived in exile since being overthrown in a military coup in 1989. Most famous for offering German war criminals a sanctuary in Paraguay, among others. a. Auschwitz physician Josef Mengele, and for being one of the initiators of Operation Condor, a secret intelligence network for South American military dictatorships in the 1970s. President Nicanor Duarte Frutos immediately rejected the demands of the dictator’s supporters for a state funeral. Instead, Stroessner was buried at a private ceremony in Brasilia, but relatives hoped his body would be brought back to Paraguay within six months.
In February, the ruling Colorado Party held congress to elect new leadership. The fears that the old dictator Stroessner’s followers would be taken over by a win for Osvaldo Domínguez came as a shame. Instead, the more modern phalanx under President Nicanor Duarte Frutos won by about 64% of the votes cast.
The hydroelectric power station of Itaipú
Itaipú is the largest hydroelectric plant in the world for power generation and is considered one of the seven civil engineering wonders of the twentieth century. Built between 1975 and 1991 along the Paraná River, on the border between Brazil and Paraguay, it is managed by a joint venture between companies from the two neighboring countries. The plant, which cost 25 billion dollars to build, is made up of 20 generators with a total power of 14 gigawatts and alone covers 90% of Paraguay’s electricity needs and 25% of Brazil’s. The agreement between Brazil and Paraguay for the construction of the plant was signed in 1973, the year in which the leadership politics of both countries was in the hands of dictatorships. The treaty, which was valid until 2023, stipulated that Paraguay would have to sell its share of unused energy to Brazil, at a fixed price of 124 million dollars a year. In July 2009, after several failed attempts by Paraguayan governments to renegotiate the treaty with Brazil, then-president Lugo convinced then-Brazilian president Lula to sign a new 31-point joint declaration in Asunción. The agreement, signed in 2009 and entered into force in 2011, provides that Paraguay receives 360 million dollars a year in compensation for the supply of electricity to Brazil and that it can sell its surplus. of energy directly to the Brazilian market, without having to go through Eletrobrás. The foundations were also laid for a plan to sell electricity to third countries and a program was approved to improve the Paraguayan electricity transmission system – the energy of which is partly stolen and partly lost in the course of transmission -, in particular to build the power line up to Asunción.
Former Vice President kidnapped
Hundreds of cars take part in a protest caravan demanding the release of former Vice President Óscar Denis, four days after he was abducted by members of the Marxist guerrilla group EPP. Denis and a 21-year-old employee of his were taken away from a cattle ranch belonging to the 74-year-old Denis who was vice president under President Federico Franco 2012–2013. EPP demands that two imprisoned guerrilla leaders be released from prison. The EPP also demands that Deni’s family distribute millions of dollars to the poor in the region where the guerrillas are active, and distribute its propaganda material. Denis Ranch is a mile from Yby Yaú, where two 11-year-old girls were killed when security forces raided an EPP camp a week earlier. That incident has led the UN to call on the authorities to launch an investigation.
The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked state in South America with more than six million residents. It is located around the Paraguay River, bordering Brazil in the northeast, Argentina in the south and Bolivia in the northwest. After 35 years of military dictatorship, the former Spanish colony has transitioned to democracy. Paraguay is one of the most homogeneous countries in Latin America: the majority of the population are descendants of the Spanish and Guarani Indians, and Spanish and Guarani are also the dominant languages of the country. The country’s major rivers, Parana and Paraguay, provide a waterway and a source of hydropower.
- According to abbreviationfinder, PY is the abbreviation code for Paraguay.
Area: 406 752 km²
Population: 7,191,685 (estimate 7/2020)
Language: Spanish and Gurani
Main products: Textiles, steel, cotton, animal feed, cooking oil, timber and electricity.
Form of government: Republic