Oman. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Oman include Independence Day (November 18) and New Year (January 1). A free trade agreement with the United States was signed on January 19. In the past, the US has entered into similar agreements with Bahrain, Israel, Jordan and Morocco. However, tea products were excluded. Under the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Oman and the other members Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia also discussed free trade agreements with the EU, Singapore and New Zealand.
Just before the House of Representatives vote in July, Oman’s leader, Sultan Qabus ibn Said, announced in a decree that trade unions should be formed. In addition, forced labor was prohibited. Employers who used forced labor risked fines or imprisonment.
In November, Interior Minister Saud ibn Ibrahim al-Bussaidi announced that parliamentary elections would be held in October 2007. Both men and women would be allowed to take part. In the last election in October 2003, two women were elected from among the 83 members.
In connection with the holiday Id al-fitr, which marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan, Sultan Qabus pardoned 125 prisoners sentenced for various crimes, including 95 from Oman.
Located at the southeastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula, Oman is bordered on the southwest by Yemen, on the west by Saudi Arabia, and on the northwest by the United Arab Emirates. To the east of the country are the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. Persian ruling families influenced Oman in the 5th century, and Islam spread to the region a century later. Many port cities were ruled by the Portuguese in the 16th century, and the country became independent in 1650. Due to its significant maritime connections, Oman’s sphere of influence has extended all the way to Asia and East Africa. Its own fascinates tourists especially because of its rich history and impressive natural beauty. Oman is also known as a safe destination where the infrastructure works smoothly.
- According to abbreviationfinder, OM is the abbreviation code for Oman.
Area: 309,500 km²
Population: 5,106,626 (estimate 7/2020)
Population: It is estimated that 1.34 million Omani residents are foreigners. The ethnic groups in Oman are Arabs, Baluchis, South Asians (Indians, Pakistanis, Sri Lankans, Bangladeshis) and Africans.
Language: The official language is Arabic and English is widely spoken. Other languages found in Oman include Hindi, Urdu, Swahili and French.
Religion: Islam is the state religion of Oman, and the majority of Oman’s population is Ibadi Muslims. In addition to Ibadi Muslims, Oman includes Hindus, Christians, and Shiite and Sunni Muslims, among others. Omanis are generally tolerant of other religions.
The form of government of Oman is a monarchy whose head of state is a sultan.
At the beginning of 1959 the sultan managed, with British help, to restore his authority, but the dispute with the im ā m was definitively resolved only in 1972, the year in which, despite the continuous interventions of the Arab states, the Sultanate of the Oman (the mention “e Masqat” had been officially abolished in August 1970) was accepted in the United Nations. Meanwhile, Sultan Sa‛īd, considered one of the most reactionary and isolationist rulers of the Arabian peninsula, had been replaced with a coup d’etat (July 1970) for his son Qābūs, whose declared intention was to use the revenues deriving from oil, from the father hoarded and only partially used in military spending, to promote the economic and social development of the country. Of the rebel groups, the only Front for the Liberation of the Ḍofār agreed to collaborate with the new regime: the Popular Front for the Liberation of the Occupied Arab Gulf, PFLOAG, and the Democratic National Front for the Liberation of the Occupied Arab Gulf (in February 1972 merged, with the same acronym PFLOAG, in the Popular Front for the Liberation of Omān and the Arab Gulf) continued the struggle. However, thanks to the help not so much British as from Iran, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Pakistan, and also thanks to a campaign of reforms, Sultan Qābūs was able to consolidate his power, managing if not to eliminate at least control the activity of the guerrillas, which began to lack the support, previously granted, of the People’s Republic of China and, later, also that of the Republic of South Yemen. With the latter, Saudi Arabia hopes, in March 1976 a truce was stipulated.
According to an estimate of June 1974, the population of the Sultanate was 743.o00 residents, with an annual growth coefficient of 3.1%; oil production, which began in 1967, had reached 18,288,000 tons of crude oil after nine years.