Mongolia. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Mongolia include Independence Day (December 29) and New Year (January 1). A year and a half of conflict-filled co-government between the Socialist Party and a bourgeois alliance was suspended in January, when the former Communist Party of the Mongolian Revolutionary Party (MPRP) resigned its ten ministers. The party blamed the bourgeois coalition partner the Democratic Alliance for corruption and economic mismanagement, but blamed itself for triggering the government crisis in order to hide the maladies discovered in state works dominated by the MPRP. The government crisis triggered violent demonstrations in the capital Ulaanbaatar and hundreds of people stormed and destroyed the MPRP’s party headquarters. The government was formally dismissed by a declaration of confidence in Parliament, after which the MPRP could form a new government with the support of small parties. New Prime Minister became party chairman Miyeegombo Enkhbold.
After the political turmoil had subsided, the residents could indulge in the celebration of the Mongolian kingdom’s 800th anniversary. At the center of the festivities was the founder of the empire Djingi’s khan, who, after the fall of the Soviet system, is celebrated as a national hero and surrounded by an ever stronger cult of personality.
Successes for the governing party in the local elections
The Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) wins in 13 of Mongolia’s 21 provinces in local elections held. The opposition DP, the Democratic Party, gets a majority of the votes in eight provinces. A newly formed party, the National Labor Party (HUN), wins in three provinces. The success of the ruling MPP is considered by observers to be largely due to the rapid and effective management of the corona pandemic and also the prevailing economic recovery policy.
Mongolia is located in Asia between Russia and China. The land largely covered by Aro is the most sparsely populated country in the world. Mongolia is the second largest landlocked country in the world after Kazakhstan. Mongolia has a continental climate characterized by hot summers and very cold winters. The oldest data on the Mongols are from China about 200 years before the beginning of time. Temujin united other tribes in the region such as Tatars, Naimans and Merchets under his rule and in 1206 became the ruler of Mongolia, Genghis Khan. He set out to build an empire and the Kaan cavalry quickly advanced to China. The Mongol Empire extended from Southeast Asia to Europe.
- According to abbreviationfinder, MN is the abbreviation code for Mongolia.
The birth of Soviet Russia weakened the strength of the Russians in Mongolia. The Communists defeated Chinese forces in March 1921, after which Soviet troops arrived in the country to support the independent Mongolia, created on July 11, 1921, which in 1924 became the People’s Republic of Mongolia. In 1990, the Communist Party allowed other parties. The 1992 constitution of Mongolia removed the attribute People’s Republic from the name of Mongolia and held parliamentary and presidential elections among many parties. Mongolia was once one of the largest kingdoms in the world.
Today, Mongolia is again trying to get on the world map and build its own identity. Traditions and contemporary culture mix on the streets of Ulaanbaatar, which are flooded with imported luxury goods.
Area: 1,564,116 km²
Population: 3,168,026 (estimate 7/2020)
Capital: Ulan Bator
Population: 95% Mongols, divided into several tribes: Halhas 75%, Kalmyk 5-7% and Buryats 3%. 5% Cossacks and other Turkish tribes. 0.1% Chinese and Russians.
Religion: 53% of the population is Buddhist. Shamanists 3%, Christians 2% and Muslims 3%. 39% did not recognize any religion (2010)
Currency: Mongolian Tugrik (MNT)
Main activity: Livestock
Form of government: Republic