Malaysia. An investigation into the police’s treatment of an arrested Chinese woman in the fall of 2005 found in January that the police violated the woman’s human rights and violated the principles of Islam. The case came to public awareness through a video showing how a policeman humiliated the woman, including by undressing her naked and body-visiting her while holding her ears. Police claimed that this type of treatment is routinely used against arrested, suspected drug holders.
In February, the government stopped indefinitely the publication of the English-language newspaper Sarawak Times, after choosing to publish the caricature drawings of the Prophet Muhammad first published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten in September 2005. It was the first time since the 1980s as a Malaysian newspaper closed by the government.
In April, the government decided to stop the construction of a new bridge across the Johor St, connecting the country with Singapore in the south. Malaysia had earlier unilaterally contracted builders earlier in the year to complete half of the bridge, despite Singapore opposing the construction for environmental and cost reasons. In connection with the construction stoppage, Malaysia announced that the country did not intend to resume negotiations with Singapore on a future bridge construction – nor to discuss other bilateral issues, such as the need for the Singaporean military aircraft to use Malaysian airspace. The decision to stop the bridge building received sharp criticism from the country’s former prime minister, Mahathir bin Mohamad, who had lately increasingly publicly criticized current Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi’s political course. However, in the upsetting conflict between the two men, their joint party, the leading UMNO, gave Badawi full support. There were high-ranking UMNO members who believed that Mahathir bin Mohamad should leave the party, because with his criticism he could create a division within UMNO.
According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Malaysia include Independence Day (August 31) and New Year (January 1). Government-critical demonstrations, which are unusual in Malaysia, were conducted in March in the capital Kuala Lumpur. The protests, which raised fuel prices, led the police to use tear gas against the protesters.
81-year-old Mahathir bin Mohamad spent a few days in November in a hospital in Kuala Lumpur after suffering a minor heart attack.
Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia; 5.7 million in the metropolitan area (2010). The city is located on the central part of the Malacca peninsula approximately 40 km from the port town of Klang. Since World War II, the city has grown rapidly. For fear of communist guerrilla activity, the surrounding Chinese population in the years following the war resettled in controlled villages on the outskirts of the city; these are now integrated with many Malay villages in the area of the city. In the 1950’s, the city grew west toward Klang in connection with the construction of the consumer goods industry. After industrialization really took off in the 1970’s, a real business and housing corridor was created between Kuala Lumpur and Kelang with new labor-intensive companies, especially in the electronics industry. Due. its particular bass information is Klangdalen plagued by air pollution.
In the old city center are some of the world’s tallest office buildings, such as the Twin Towers Petronas Towers (452 m). They signal the government’s goal: to make Kuala Lumpur a regional financial center in line with Hong Kong and Singapore.
Another urban corridor facing the lake is under construction. In cleared plantation areas, large public investments are being made in a new center for state administration, the university and the ambitious Cyber-jaya, a business area specially designed for the world’s leading information technology companies.
The first phase of the city’s new, ambitious airport was opened in 1998. A highway and high-speed rail link the airport with the city and the IT development area Multimedia Super Corridor. The railway is built together with the city’s major metro and local rail networks.
The different phases of the city’s development are reflected in the many architectural expressions: the tin villas’ splendid villas, piles of Malay houses, Chinese stalls, monumental colonial buildings and modern skyscrapers. However, much of the original disappears under the impression of rapid development; this also applies to the informal sector’s retailers and street service. At the same time, the traffic problems have grown in step with the urban renewal process.
Kuala Lumpur was established in the 1850’s as a Chinese tin mining town in the Selangor Sultanate. In 1880 the English made the city the capital of Selangor. With the formation of the United Malay States in 1895, it became the federal capital and has since maintained that status. In 1974, the city was declared Federal Territory under the authority of the Federal Government.