In 2006, Madagascar was a developing country with a population of over 17 million people. The country had been facing hardships due to political instability and civil unrest for several years. The economy of Madagascar was largely dependent on agricultural exports, but it was still one of the poorest countries in Africa. As a result, many citizens lived in poverty and lacked access to basic necessities such as food, water, and healthcare. Education levels were low, with only around 50% of the population having access to education. Infrastructure was also lacking; roads were often in poor condition and did not connect many areas of the country. According to constructmaterials, Madagascar had a rich culture and vibrant music scene that kept its people connected to their heritage. There were also several protected areas that preserved the nation’s biodiversity and served as tourist attractions for visitors from all over the world.
Madagascar. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Madagascar include Independence Day (June 26) and New Year (January 1). The President of Parliament was appointed in May. He was charged with treason after praising the Iranian nuclear research program during a visit to Iran.
In December, Marc Ravalomanana was re-elected as president in the first round of elections with just under 55% of the vote. The election was preceded by minor unrest, including an accidental attempt by a dissatisfied general to stage a coup d’état. Former Deputy Prime Minister Pierrot Rajaonarivelo, who was previously considered the most serious challenger to Ravalomanana, was denied the right to run for office and was prevented from returning to Madagascar from the country. He was previously sentenced in his absence to both five years in prison for abuse of power and fifteen years in prison for embezzlement.
A Canadian-South Korean consortium was granted permission to mine nickel and cobalt at Maramanga for approximately 27 years from 2007, approximately 11 km east of the capital Antananarivo. It is believed to be the world’s largest nickel mine and is expected in the long term to raise the poor Madagascar’s gross domestic product by up to SEK 700 million. a year.
Madagascar is the dream of every nature lover – a land of wonders that guarantees a memorable tourist experience.
In addition to its unique fauna and flora, the island state of Madagascar offers a diverse range of landscapes, from white sandy beaches through mountain landscapes to tropical rainforests.
- According to abbreviationfinder, MA is the abbreviation code for Madagascar.
Despite its geographical location, the impact of African culture on the island’s culture has been surprisingly small. Indeed, in Madagascar, culture is more influenced by Southeast Asia and India. This is not surprising, as the island’s first human populations arrived from Indonesia and Malaysia about 2,000 years ago. A few centuries later, the Arabs who discovered the island also established trading posts on the north coast of the island. Evidence of Asian influences has been found e.g. shipbuilding techniques and the Malagasy language in which Sanskrit elements have been found. The island, known mainly for its sandy beaches, also has mountains, desert and rainforest. Perhaps that is why railways can only be found in the eastern parts of the island. However, the island has a functioning air transport network.
Area: 587,040 km²
Population: 26,955,737 (estimate 7/2020)
Population: Creoles (Malaysian-Indonesian), Indians, French
Religion: Traditional religions 52%, Christians 41%, Muslims 7%
Language: French, Malagasy
Currency: Ariary (MGA)
Main products: Coffee, vanilla, coconut, rice, banana, sugar, livestock products, textiles, paper, crude oil, tourism.
Form of government: Republic