Landmarks in Panama

Panama, a narrow isthmus connecting North and South America, is a land of vibrant cultures, diverse ecosystems, and a history deeply intertwined with global trade. Its landmarks echo the tales of indigenous cultures, Spanish colonization, and the transformative impact of the Panama Canal. From historic sites to natural wonders and modern developments, Panama’s landmarks offer a fascinating journey through time and geography. In this exploration, we will delve into some of the most significant landmarks in Panama, each contributing to the unique tapestry of this Central American nation.

Panama City – Modern Metropolis

Panama Canal

Undoubtedly, the Panama Canal stands as the most iconic and globally recognized landmark in Panama. This engineering marvel, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, has been a critical conduit for international trade since its completion in 1914. The canal’s Miraflores Locks, where ships are raised and lowered to different water levels, provide a mesmerizing spectacle. The Panama Canal is a symbol of human ingenuity, economic importance, and Panama’s strategic role in global maritime trade.

Casco Viejo (Old Town)

According to baglib, Casco Viejo, Panama City’s historic district, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that reflects the country’s colonial past and cultural heritage. The well-preserved colonial architecture, narrow cobblestone streets, and vibrant plazas transport visitors back in time. Landmarks like the Metropolitan Cathedral, the Presidential Palace, and the Church of San Jose add to the district’s historical significance. Casco Viejo is a cultural hub where tradition meets modernity, with its mix of art galleries, cafes, and boutique hotels.

Amador Causeway

The Amador Causeway is a scenic roadway and pedestrian path built using excavated material from the construction of the Panama Canal. Connecting the mainland to four small islands in the Pacific Ocean, the causeway offers stunning views of Panama City’s skyline and the canal entrance. It has become a recreational area with restaurants, shops, and a marina, making it a popular spot for locals and tourists alike.

Panama Viejo – Ancient Ruins

Panama Viejo

Panama Viejo, the ruins of the original Panama City founded by the Spanish in 1519, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The remains of the old city, including the cathedral tower and the convent of the Conception, provide a glimpse into Panama’s colonial past. The site was abandoned in the 17th century after it was sacked by the pirate Henry Morgan, but the ruins stand as a testament to the early European presence in the region.

Boquete – Highland Retreat

Volcán Barú

Volcán Barú, Panama’s highest peak, is an active stratovolcano that dominates the landscape near the town of Boquete. The volcano, standing at 3,474 meters (11,398 feet), offers a challenging but rewarding hike for those seeking panoramic views. On clear days, the summit provides glimpses of both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Volcán Barú is not only a natural landmark but also a symbol of the country’s geological diversity.

San Blas Islands – Indigenous Paradise

San Blas Islands

The San Blas Islands, also known as the Guna Yala archipelago, are a breathtaking collection of coral atolls and islands in the Caribbean Sea. Home to the Guna indigenous people, these islands are known for their pristine beaches, turquoise waters, and vibrant coral reefs. The Guna have maintained their autonomy and traditional way of life, making the San Blas Islands a cultural and natural landmark that stands in stark contrast to modern development.

Bocas del Toro – Caribbean Escape

Isla Colón

Isla Colón, the main island of the Bocas del Toro archipelago, is a tropical paradise with lush rainforests, clear waters, and vibrant coral reefs. Bocas Town, the main settlement on Isla Colón, features colorful Caribbean-style houses and a laid-back atmosphere. The island’s natural beauty, coupled with its diverse marine life, makes Isla Colón a popular destination for eco-tourism and beach lovers.

Coiba National Park – Marine Sanctuary

Coiba Island

Coiba Island, part of Coiba National Park, is the largest island in Central America and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Once a penal colony, the island is now a protected area teeming with biodiversity both on land and in the surrounding marine environment. Coiba’s pristine beaches, diverse flora and fauna, and rich coral reefs contribute to its status as a natural landmark and a haven for ecotourism.

Portobelo – Colonial Gem


Portobelo, a historic port town on Panama’s Caribbean coast, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its colonial forts and rich maritime history. The town’s forts, including San Lorenzo and Santiago de la Gloria, were built to protect against pirate attacks and were crucial in the transport of treasures from the Americas to Spain. Portobelo’s well-preserved colonial architecture, fortifications, and historic churches make it a cultural landmark that reflects Panama’s colonial era.

El Valle de Antón – Volcanic Valley

El Valle de Antón

El Valle de Antón, nestled within the crater of an extinct volcano, is a picturesque town surrounded by lush mountains and cloud forests. The valley is known for its vibrant market, hot springs, and the “square tree,” a natural landmark with a trunk that grows in a square shape. El Valle de Antón is not only a geological wonder but also a serene retreat for those seeking a respite from urban life.

Darién National Park – Wilderness Frontier

Darién National Park

Darién National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a vast wilderness area covering the Darién Gap between Panama and Colombia. The park is home to diverse ecosystems, including tropical rainforests, mangroves, and rivers. It harbors unique flora and fauna, including endangered species such as the jaguar and harpy eagle. Darién National Park is a natural landmark that highlights Panama’s commitment to biodiversity conservation.

Emberá and Wounaan Villages – Indigenous Culture

Emberá and Wounaan Villages

Panama is home to several indigenous communities, including the Emberá and Wounaan people. Visiting their villages offers a unique cultural experience, providing insights into traditional practices, art, and customs. The Emberá are known for their vibrant handicrafts and traditional music, while the Wounaan are renowned for their intricate basket weaving. These indigenous villages are landmarks of cultural significance, emphasizing Panama’s rich tapestry of diversity.

Isla Taboga – Island Retreat

Isla Taboga

Isla Taboga, also known as the “Island of Flowers,” is a serene retreat located in the Pacific Bay of Panama. A short ferry ride from Panama City, the island is known for its picturesque landscapes, historic church, and pristine beaches. Isla Taboga offers a peaceful escape for both locals and tourists, making it a popular day-trip destination.


Panama’s landmarks tell a multifaceted story of a nation that has been shaped by its geography, history, and diverse cultures. From the engineering marvel of the Panama Canal to the ancient ruins of Panama Viejo, each landmark contributes to the nation’s identity and showcases its rich heritage.

The preservation of cultural and natural treasures, such as Casco Viejo and Coiba National Park, reflects Panama’s commitment to both its historical legacy and environmental conservation. Whether exploring the highlands of Boquete, the Caribbean charm of Bocas del Toro, or the indigenous cultures in the San Blas Islands, visitors to Panama are treated to a tapestry of experiences that celebrate the country’s diversity and beauty.

As Panama continues to evolve, these landmarks serve as reminders of its past and anchors for its future. They invite both locals and visitors to appreciate the unique blend of tradition and modernity that defines this Central American nation.