Kyrgyzstan. At the beginning of 2006, the People’s Coalition was formed by democratic forces, a group of parties and voluntary organizations that included both opponents and supporters of the country’s new regime. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Kyrgyzstan include Independence Day (August 31) and New Year (January 1). One of the leaders was Omurbek Tekebajev who had left the government side. The People’s Coalition grew and reorganized into the For Reform movement, which called for a constitutional reform in which parliamentary rule would replace the strong presidential power. But the government seemed powerless and dissatisfaction grew.
In April, a big demonstration was held in the capital Bishkek in protest against the corruption. The work of the ministers was also criticized in a parliamentary resolution. Almost the entire government filed its resignation, which was not accepted by President Kurmanbek Bakijev. During the year, a Constitutional Council worked on proposals for a new constitution, which would transfer parts of the strong presidential power to Parliament.
In November, large demonstrations were held, with the opposition demanding President Bakijev’s resignation. When Parliament adopted the constitutional amendments, the opposition canceled the protests. It was a unique political development in Central Asia, where change is usually forced through violent protests.
When Bakijev visited Beijing in June, Kyrgyzstan and China agreed on cooperation in the fight against “terrorist forces”, aimed at the Uighur separatists who want to restore East Turkestan, now ruled by China under the name Xinjiang.
In the politically troubled Fergana Valley, Kyrgyzstan carried out raids in border areas during the summer along with Uzbekistani security forces. The intention was to reach radical Islamists, but among those killed there was a very popular imam in the largest mosque at the border between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
The contradictions between Parliament and the government in December led to the resignation of the government. Prime Minister Felix Kulov said the intention was to step up the democratic process by making elections to Parliament.
A price conflict led to Uzbekistan temporarily suspending its gas supplies to Kyrgyzstan, but in December negotiations were agreed on an increase from $ 55 to $ 100 per m 3 of gas.