According to CountryAAH, Kosova Albanians are descendants of the Dardans who were part of the Illyrians who inhabited the Balkans long before the invasion of slaves in the 6th century and Ottomans in the 14th century.
In 1878, Albanians from all regions held a national council in Prizren. The Prizren League calls for the unification of all Albanian territories into a unified province of the Ottoman Empire. In 1880, the League demands the formation of an autonomous state and proclaims itself to the Albanian Provisional Government, which covers both present-day Kosova and western Macedonia. It is beaten by the Ottomans in 1881.
In 1909-12, the Albanian nationalist movement succeeded in capturing all of Kosova and in addition occupies Macedonia’s present capital, Skopje. Independence is proclaimed in Vlora, Albania, November 28, 1912. An ambassador’s conference in London in 1913 recognizes the Albanian state, but without recognizing the surrounding areas as Albanian – including Kosova.
In 1918, Serbia recaptures Kosova. The Treaty of Saint-Germain defines the territory of the kingdom, which will include Serbs, Croats, Slovenes and Kosova Albanians.
In 1938, an agreement was signed with Turkey allowing 40,000 Kosovan Albanian families to emigrate there for the next 8 years.
During World War II, Kosova participated in the fight against the German occupation forces. In 1942, the supreme military command in Kosova is assigned to the supreme command in Serbia. At the founding conference of the National Liberation Council in Bujan in 1943, the Albanian people were promised the right to self-determination and even independence. However, this does not prevent a subsequent national uprising by Shaban Polluzha from being drowned in the blood of the Yugoslav National Liberation Army. It sets up a military administration in Kosova. Upon the establishment of Yugoslavia, Kosova gains the status of autonomous territory within the Republic of Serbia.
In 1956, an anti-Albanian wave of terror ran across the country sending many fleeing to Turkey. They are followed up by mass demonstrations in 1968 in favor of the establishment of Kosova as an independent republic within Yugoslavia. The demonstrations resumed in 1981, again with demands to change the country’s status to republic within Yugoslavia.
In 1989, the demonstrations broke out again. On February 26, anti-demonstration police are dispatched to the country. On February 28, the Yugoslav presidential government puts Kosova in an emergency, and the day after the curfew is imposed. In September, the children in the schools are divided by nationality.
Kosovo gained independence from Serbia in 2008, but is only a partially recognized independent state in the Balkans. Serbia has not accepted Kosovo’s unilateral declaration and continues to regard the state as an autonomous region. Despite its military history, the country is now a peaceful tourist destination. The country’s border neighbors are Montenegro, Albania, Serbia and northern Macedonia. Like the Balkans, Kosovo also has stunning mountain scenery. The country’s high river valleys are surrounded by mountains rising to over 2,000 meters. The highest peak in the country is Gjeravica (2656m). The country’s capital, Pristina, is an interesting mix of trendy restaurant culture and serene concrete buildings, not to mention special attractions.
- According to abbreviationfinder, KS is the abbreviation code for Kosovo.
Area: 10,887 km²
Population: 1,932,774 (estimate 2020)
Population: Albanians 92.9%, Bosnians, 1.6%, Serbs 1.5%, Turks, 1.1%, others 2.9%
Language: Albanian and Serbian
Main products: Services, industry, agriculture
Form of government: Republic