Kiribati 2006

Kiribati 2006

Kiribati in 2006 was an independent nation located in the Pacific Ocean with a population of around 110,000 people. It was composed of 33 atolls and islands scattered across 3.5 million square kilometers of ocean and divided into three island groups: the Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands, and Line Islands. Kiribati’s capital city was Tarawa, located in the central part of the country.

Kiribati in 2006 had a GDP of approximately $200 million USD and per capita GDP of around $1,800 USD making it one of the poorest countries in the Pacific Islands during that period. The economy of Kiribati relied heavily on services which accounted for around 70% of GDP in 2006 while industry accounted for around 20%. Other important industries included agriculture, fisheries and tourism.

According to constructmaterials, Kiribati had made significant progress in terms of human development since its transition from British rule to an independent state in 1979 when its Human Development Index (HDI) score improved from 0.526 in 1989 to 0.638 in 2006 – making it one of the most developed countries among Pacific Island nations during that period. Poverty remained an issue with almost 40% living below national poverty line in 2006 although access to basic services such as education, healthcare and clean water were considered world-class at that time.

Yearbook 2006

Kiribati. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Kiribati include Independence Day (July 12) and New Year (January 1). Kiribati will create the world’s third largest marine protection area. The announcement of the country’s president, Anote Tong, at the UN Conference on Biological Diversity held in Brazil in March 2006. The protected marine area is 184 700 km 2– twice the size of Portugal – and contains more than 500 species of fish and over 120 species of coral. The nearly untouched Phoenix Islands Protected Area, which consists of eight atolls and two coral reefs, is also home to seabirds and turtles. It will be the first marine park where it also includes a deep-sea environment with underwater mountains. Kiribati is assisted by the New England Aquarium in Boston, USA, and the charity Conservation International, which will also ensure that donations come in to cover the cost of the park and reimburse the revenue for the missing commercial fishing in the area.

Kiribati Map with Surrounding Countries


Inflation rate 0.40%
Unemployment rate 30.6%
Gross domestic product (GDP) $ 227,000,000
GDP growth rate 3.10%
GDP per capita 2,000 USD
GDP by sector
Agriculture 23.00%
Industry 7.00%
Service 70.00%
State budget
Revenue 55.52 million
Expenditure 59.71 million
Proportion of the population below the national poverty line
Distribution of household income
Top 10% k. A.
Lower 10% k. A.
Industrial production growth rate 1.10%
Investment volume
National debt 26.30% of GDP
Foreign exchange reserves $ 7,479,000
Tourism 2013
Visitors 6,000
Revenue 3,900,000 USD

Kiribati Overview

Moor! This Kiribati greeting and welcome fits well in the Finnish mouth. This small large state is well suited for those who want a South Sea atmosphere. Kiribati is ideal for travelers looking to discover new places, outside the normal tourist destinations. For divers, the submarine life is as wonderful as on other Pacific islands. If you’re interested in military history, the Battle of Tarawa was one of the bloodiest in World War II in the Pacific.

Kiribati is made up of separate islands and groups of islands. Kiribati is located in the heart of the Pacific Ocean about 1,500 kilometers north of Fiji. Each of the 33 islands has its own unique customs, rituals, myths, legends and lifestyles. Most, tourists heading to Tarawa, fishermen will find great opportunities on the island of Kiritimat.

Area: 811 km2

Population: 111,796 (estimate 7/2020)

Capital: Tarawa

Language: Kiribati and English

Currency: Kiribati Dollar, Australian Dollar (AUD)

Religion: The largest religion is Christianity 55%, Protestants 36%, Mormons 3.1%, Baha’is 2.2%, Adventists 1.9% and others 1.8%.

Form of government: Republic

HISTORY: The Gilbert Islands, British protectorate since 1892 (➔ Gilbert, Islands), gained independence in 1979, forming a presidential republic. The first general elections after independence (1982), in the presence of a still confused political scene given the lack of groups or parties, saw IT Tabai prevail, president since 1979, then reconfirmed in 1983 and 1987. In the presidential elections of 1991 T. Teannaki was elected, supported by the outgoing president, who according to the Constitution could not reapply for the fourth time. However, Teannaki was beaten in 1994 by T. Tito, a supporter of greater independence of the country from international aid and of an economic policy that strengthened the infrastructures and relaunched the tourism sector. Tito also initiated a series of criminal proceedings against members of the former administration accused of corruption (including Teannaki), which were however blocked and remained unsuccessful. On the international level, relations with Japan improved (which had been required to pay compensation for the damage caused during the Second World War), but tensions with those powers intensified (United States, France, Japan and China) who used areas contiguous to Kiribati’s territorial waters for nuclear experiments and oil exploration. Tito left the scene (2003), A. Tong was elected president of the Republic, reappointed in 2007 and 2012, and was replaced by T. Maamau in March 2016. In 1999 Kiribati joined the UN.