Iran. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Iran include Independence Day (April 1) and New Year (January 1). Iran’s foreign policy relations during the year were marked by the controversy surrounding the decision to resume the country’s peaceful nuclear research program. This triggered international concern that Iran was also thinking of trying to develop nuclear weapons. In January, Iran removed seals that the UN Atomic Energy Agency located at a Natanz research facility in central Iran. The EU Troika France, the United Kingdom and Germany attempted to find a compromise, on January 12, announced that the issue should be handled by the UN Security Council. In February, the IAEA Board decided to report Iran to the UN Security Council. Iran denied that the country was trying to develop nuclear weapons. The US government requested extra funding to support Iranian opposition groups. Various mediation attempts failed and the UN Security Council assigned IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei on March 29 to review the program. IN: President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced on April 11 that Iran had succeeded in enriching uranium, but denied that the country was trying to procure nuclear weapons. However, Iran showed no willingness to compromise when ElBaradei visited the country on April 13. In a report to the Security Council on April 28, ElBaradei noted that the IAEA lacked sufficient transparency in the program. In May, the United States tried to convince China, Germany, France, Russia and the United Kingdom to agree on a common stance against Iran. China and Russia rejected sharper writing. The Iranian leadership rejected nuclear fuel offerings in exchange for freezing its own program. At the end of July, the UN Security Council, with the exception of Qatar, decided that Iran would discontinue all enrichment and research by August 31, otherwise the country risked sanctions. The time is postponed, and in the fall, the Security Council continued to debate the writing. On December 23, a resolution was passed with, inter alia, targeted sanctions against eleven people and as many organizations with links to I’s nuclear and military industries. Ahmadinejad replied that Iran would disregard the UN decision and the country’s parliament decided to review Iran’s relations with the IAEA.
Stones and petrol bombs were thrown on February 6 against the Danish Embassy and the Austrian Embassy in protest of the Danish Jutland Post’s publication of Muhammad cartoons. Iran later announced a satire drawing contest on the Holocaust. In December, a disputed conference on the Holocaust was held, which gathered several people known to, among other things, have denied the presence of gas chambers in the Nazi extermination camps. Ahmadinejad defended the conference and made several outcomes against Israel during the year.
A cross-political commission, led by former US Secretary of State James Baker, suggested at the end of the year that the United States should seek support from, among other things. Iran to stabilize the situation in Iraq. The proposal did not lead to any immediate reaction from President Bush.
In December, Ahmadinejad was hit by domestic politics in a backlash in the local elections and the election to the expert council, whose 86 scribes nominate I’s spiritual leaders. Ahmadinejad’s main opponent in the 2005 presidential election, former president Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, won the election and his supporters gained a clear majority in the expert council. The council acts as an advisor to the highest spiritual leader. In the local elections, reform supporters received the most votes in many cities and in the capital Tehran, Ahmadinejad’s supporters received only two of fifteen seats.
The spot market price of oil rose sharply in early April since Iran announced that a successful test had been conducted with an underwater missile in connection with military exercises in the Hormuz Strait, through which large quantities of the world’s oil are being shipped.
In November, Iran conducted exercises with different medium-range robots of the Shahab type.
In the Arab-dominated province of Khuzestan’s capital Ahvaz, two explosive charges exploded on January 23, demanding at least nine casualties and 46 injuries. Iran accused British soldiers based in Iraq of the deed, which Britain denied. Two men were hanged on March 2 after pleading guilty; the execution was broadcast on TV.
Britain was also accused in March of attempting such political and religious unrest in the eastern province of Sistan-e Baluchistan after 21 people were killed in a raid against a state delegation.
In May, the Iranian state newspaper was shut down after publishing a derogatory drawing that triggered violent protests among Azeris in Tabriz in northwestern Iran. At least 50 people were arrested.
During the year, the government also closed the financial newspaper Asia and the women’s magazine Nour-e Banovan.
Revolutionary Guard commander General Ahmad Kazemi was among the at least thirteen people who died when a military aircraft crashed in January in northwestern Iran.
On November 27, 36 people were killed when an Iranian military plane crashed shortly after takeoff from Tehran airport.
In September, 28 people were killed when a passenger plane began to burn after landing in Meshed in northeastern Iran.
At least 70 people were killed and 1,200 injured when Western Iran was shaken by three earthquakes on March 31.
Iran’s rich culture is inherited from the country’s location in the Twin Stream region. The first written evidence of the birth of Iranian civilization is about 5,000 years old, so the country can sense millennia-old havana of history. Iran’s diverse nature consists of mountains and deserts. The western part of the country is mainly dominated by mountain ranges and in the central part there are large salt deserts such as Dasht-e Kavir – Great Salt Desert.
- According to abbreviationfinder, IR is the abbreviation code for Iran.
The most significant sights of the country are e.g. The ruins of Persepolis and the delightful mosques of Esfahan. There are more than ten UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Iran. The capital Tehran has many interesting museums, bazaars, tea rooms and lush parks.
Area: 1,648,195 km²
Population: 84,923,314 (7/2020)
Population: Persians 50-60%, Kurds 10%, Gilaks and Mazandarans 10%
Main products: Oil (80%), chemical products, fruits, nuts, carpets