Honduras. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Honduras include Independence Day (September 15) and New Year (January 1). The rise in violence in Honduras led President Manuel Zelaya to decide on the establishment of a special military unit specialized in the fight against organized crime. It will be based in H’s second and most important industrial city of San Pedro Sula but will be deployable anywhere in the country.
While a 26-year-old border dispute with El Salvador came to an end through a border agreement and an energy cooperation agreement between the two countries’ presidents on April 18, Honduras’s plans to build a new air base on the Mosquito Coast created a diplomatic dispute with neighboring Nicaragua. The project was prompted by the Honduras government declaring that the Palmerola airbase, which was built in the 1980s as part of US support for the Contras guerrillas in Nicaragua and where US troops still exist, is to be converted into a civilian airfield. The Nicaraguan government regarded the air base, which will be close to the border, as an offensive act. The reason was that Honduran military repeatedly violated Nicaragua’s territory on the Coco River, where both countries dispute maritime rights.
Area: 112,492 km2 (world ranking: 101)
Population density: 82 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 95)
Official languages: Spanish
Gross domestic product: 23.0 billion US $; Real growth: 4.8%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 2250 US$
Currency: 1 Lempira (L) = 100 Centavos
Cuxhavener Str. 14, 10555 Berlin
Telephone 030 3974971011,
Fax 030 39749712
Head of State and Government: Juan Orlando Hernández AlvaradoRicardo Antonio Álvarez Arias, Appearance: María Dolores Agüero Lara
National holiday: 15.9.
State and form of government
Constitution of 1982
Parliament: National Congress (Congreso Nacional) with 128 members, election every 4 years
Direct election of the head of state every 4 years
Mandatory voting from 18 years of age
Population of: Hondurans, last census 2013: 8,303,771 residents approx. 90% European-indigenous descent, 7% indigenous people (especially Maya), 2% African and African-indigenous descent (Garífuna)
Cities (with population): (As of 2013) Tegucigalpa 996,658 pop., San Pedro Sula 598,519, La Ceiba 176,212, Choloma 163,818, El Progreso 114,934, Comayagua 92,883, Choluteca 86,179, Danlí 64,976, La Lima 62,903
Religions: 44% Catholics, 42% Protestants (especially evangelicals); Minorities of Muslims and Jews (as of 2006)
Languages: Spanish; indigenous languages; English
Workers by economic sector: agriculture. 29%, industry 21%, business 50% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): no information
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.9%
Foreign trade: Import: 8.2 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 5.0 billion (2017)
Honduras is a republic of about 9 million residents in Central America, bordering Nicaragua, Guatemala and El Salvador. Honduras has a sea connection to both the Pacific and the Caribbean. Columbus arrived in the country in 1502 and named it after the deep coastal waters (esp. Hondura = depth). In 1525, the country was colonized by the Spaniards, and Honduras lived under Spanish rule for the next 300 years, until September 11, 1821, seceded from Spain and declared independence.
- According to abbreviationfinder, HN is the abbreviation code for Honduras.
Area: 112 492 km2
Population: 9,235,340 (estimate 7/2020)
Population: 90% mestizos
Language: Spanish, English spoken on the coast and in the Caribbean islands. Some Native American languages as well as a mixture of African and Native American languages are also spoken.
Main products: Banana, coffee and shrimp
Form of government: Republic