Honduras 2006

Yearbook 2006

Honduras. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Honduras include Independence Day (September 15) and New Year (January 1). The rise in violence in Honduras led President Manuel Zelaya to decide on the establishment of a special military unit specialized in the fight against organized crime. It will be based in H’s second and most important industrial city of San Pedro Sula but will be deployable anywhere in the country.

While a 26-year-old border dispute with El Salvador came to an end through a border agreement and an energy cooperation agreement between the two countries’ presidents on April 18, Honduras’s plans to build a new air base on the Mosquito Coast created a diplomatic dispute with neighboring Nicaragua. The project was prompted by the Honduras government declaring that the Palmerola airbase, which was built in the 1980s as part of US support for the Contras guerrillas in Nicaragua and where US troops still exist, is to be converted into a civilian airfield. The Nicaraguan government regarded the air base, which will be close to the border, as an offensive act. The reason was that Honduran military repeatedly violated Nicaragua’s territory on the Coco River, where both countries dispute maritime rights.

Country data

Area: 112,492 km2 (world ranking: 101)

Residents: 9,265,000

Population density: 82 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 95)

Capital: Tegucigalpa

Official languages: Spanish

Gross domestic product: 23.0 billion US $; Real growth: 4.8%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 2250 US$

Currency: 1 Lempira (L) = 100 Centavos

Embassy

Cuxhavener Str. 14, 10555 Berlin
Telephone 030 3974971011,
Fax 030 39749712
www.embajadahonduras.de

Government
Head of State and Government: Juan Orlando Hernández AlvaradoRicardo Antonio Álvarez Arias, Appearance: María Dolores Agüero Lara

National holiday: 15.9.

Administrative structure
18 Departamentos

State and form of government
Constitution of 1982
Presidential Republic
Parliament: National Congress (Congreso Nacional) with 128 members, election every 4 years
Direct election of the head of state every 4 years
Mandatory voting from 18 years of age

Population of: Hondurans, last census 2013: 8,303,771 residents approx. 90% European-indigenous descent, 7% indigenous people (especially Maya), 2% African and African-indigenous descent (Garífuna)

Cities (with population): (As of 2013) Tegucigalpa 996,658 pop., San Pedro Sula 598,519, La Ceiba 176,212, Choloma 163,818, El Progreso 114,934, Comayagua 92,883, Choluteca 86,179, Danlí 64,976, La Lima 62,903

Religions: 44% Catholics, 42% Protestants (especially evangelicals); Minorities of Muslims and Jews (as of 2006)

Languages: Spanish; indigenous languages; English

Workers by economic sector: agriculture. 29%, industry 21%, business 50% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of all labor force): no information

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.9%

Foreign trade: Import: 8.2 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 5.0 billion (2017)

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