Guinea Bissau. In January, the Supreme Court ruled that the appointment of Prime Minister Aristides Gomes via decree 2005 did not contravene the Constitution, as former Gov. Carlos Gomes Júnior argued. Both are members of the same party, PAIGC (African Independence Party of Guinea and Cape Verde).
Conflicts between various factions of the Senegalese separatist movement MFDC in Casamance in southern Senegal spread to March in Guinea-Bissau. Clashes occurred on both sides of the border and thousands of people were displaced. Why the fighting broke out was unclear.
In May, a large vaccination campaign was launched in which 700,000 children would be given protection against measles. Almost after malaria, measles was the disease that required the lives of most children.
In August, the capital was said to have been completely freed from the mines deployed during the liberation war of 1961–74 and the civil war of 1998–99.
According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Guinea-Bissau include Independence Day (September 24) and New Year (January 1). The country’s economy was getting worse and low world market prices of cashews, the most important export product, exacerbated the problems. Public servants often had to wait many months to get paid. In June, the West African partner organization ECOWAS promised to donate money to strike striking government employees with their outstanding salaries. On November 7-8, a donor meeting was held in Geneva where G. was promised support of US $ 266 million, far less than the $ 460 million the country asked for. A large part of the money was expected to go towards modernizing and partly reducing the defense forces from 9,000 to 3,500 men.
The long and largely unguarded coast began to be increasingly used for drug smuggling – especially cocaine – from South America to Europe.