In 2006, Gabon was a small African nation located on the west coast of Central Africa. It was bordered by Cameroon to the northwest, Equatorial Guinea to the north and the Republic of Congo to the east and south. The population of Gabon in 2006 was estimated to be around 1.5 million people with a mix of ethnicities including Fang, Myene and Nzebi peoples. French was the official language but many Gabonese citizens also spoke English or Portuguese. The main religion is Christianity with a strong presence of Catholicism in some areas.
According to constructmaterials, Gabon had been an independent nation since 1960 after centuries of colonial rule. Despite this, poverty levels were relatively high and inequality was widespread compared to other countries in Africa. In 2006, Gabon’s economy was largely dependent on its exports of oil as well as timber and minerals made by major corporations such as Total SA and ExxonMobil. There were some efforts to diversify its economy by encouraging foreign investment but with limited success. The healthcare system was also inadequate with poor access to basic medical care for much of the population as well as relatively high rates of infant mortality and malnutrition compared to other countries in Africa.
Gabon. After being re-elected in November 2005, President Omar Bongo formed a new government in January. The country got a new prime minister, Jean Eyeghe Ndong, and a few more female ministers, but analysts did not expect a political course change. The Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG) retained as expected government power after a clear victory in parliamentary elections in December. During the year, the government and the opposition held a roundtable conference on democratic reforms. The concrete results were limited, but the increased openness was believed to have contributed to the PDG majority being somewhat smaller than before.
According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Gabon include Independence Day (August 16) and New Year (January 1). The biggest business deal in a long time was the decision to give China a monopoly on iron extraction. At an estimated total cost of more than SEK 4 billion, Chinese companies will open an iron mine in Belinga in eastern Gabon, build a hydroelectric plant there and build a railway to the coast. There are estimated to be more than a billion tonnes of iron; one of the largest unexploded deposits in the world. The huge initial costs have previously slowed recovery.
The state airline Air Gabon went bankrupt in February after incurring debts in excess of SEK 350 million. A newly formed company, Air Gabon International, is 51% owned by Royal Air Maroc and 49% by the Gabonese state.
Gabon and neighboring Equatorial Guinea, with the mediation of the UN, launched an attempt to resolve, through negotiations, a border dispute over a potentially oil-rich part of the Gulf of Guinea.
For tourists, Gabon offers a lot of untouched nature, colorful cityscape and relaxation on the Atlantic coast. Most of Gabon is a dense rainforest and the country protects its beautiful nature through the power of many national parks. Rainforests are home to many hundreds of different mammals and bird species such as gorillas and forest elephants.
- According to abbreviationfinder, GA is the abbreviation code for Gabon.
Gabon is located in Central Africa at the equator. The country on the shores of the Atlantic and the Gulf of Guinea has a long history and was inhabited 400,000 years ago. Later, Gabon, like many other African countries, was under French rule until independence in 1960. The country’s climate is typically tropical throughout the year. Most of Gabon is a dense rainforest and the country protects its beautiful nature through the power of many national parks. Rainforests are home to many hundreds of different mammals and bird species such as gorillas and forest elephants. For tourists, Gabon offers a lot of untouched nature, colorful cityscape and relaxation on the Atlantic coast.
Area: 267,667 km²
Population: 2,230,908 (estimate 7/2020)
Population: Many ethnic groups; Bantu tribes (Fang, bapounou, nzebi, obamba), other Africans and Europeans
Language: French (official), in addition to Fang, myene, nzebi, bapounou / eschira and bandjabi
Religion: Catholic, Protestant, other Christianities and Islam
Form of government: Republic