El Salvador 2006

El Salvador 2006

Yearbook 2006

El Salvador. According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in El Salvador include Independence Day (September 15) and New Year (January 1). The opposition party FMLN (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional) noted some successes in the congressional and municipal elections on March 12, but far less than expected. The party’s candidate Violeta Menjívar did win the mayor’s post in the capital, San Salvador, which the party has held ever since 1997, and the party also increased the number of seats in the congress, but most of the seats were lost by the party in the last year. Moreover, the right-wing party ARENA (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista) increased much more, even if it failed to achieve its own majority. In the rest of the country, ARENA was also the clear winner with victory in 147 municipalities against 51 for the FMLN.

On April 18, President Antonio Saca and Honduran President Manuel Zelaya signed an agreement that finally settled a border dispute between the two countries, which led, among other things, to the so-called football war in 1969. The normalization process has been going on ever since 1980. The agreement was signed with great symbolism. the border post fronting El Poy and the two presidents also announced plans to reactivate the joint hydroelectric project at El Tigre. At the same time, another border conflict between the two countries flared up again in October. The dispute concerns partly territorial rights to a small island in the Gulf of Fonseca, where Nicaragua also has interests, and whether Honduras has any territorial waters in the Pacific.

Crime continues to be a major scourge in Salvadoran society, and most people believe that President Saca’s law enforcement campaign “Super Mano Dura”, which began in August 2005, has failed. The government blamed the judiciary for the failure. Despite great popular support for the reintroduction of the death penalty, the president still refused to consider it, even after the October disclosure of an alleged murder plot against the president planned by cocaine leagues. However, a proposal was introduced for the introduction of life imprisonment for serious crimes.

El Salvador Map with Surrounding Countries

El Salvador Overview

El Salvador is a beautiful, tropical country on the Pacific coast between Honduras and Guatemala. Conquistador Pedro del Alvarado conquered El Salvador from the Pipil Indians in 1524. El Salvador became independent with his neighbors from Spain in 1821 and is today the most densely populated country in Central America. Exotic El Salvador is a destination unknown to many tourists that mass tourism has not yet been able to influence. The authenticity of the country enchants the tourist.

Area: 21,040 km2

Population: 6,481,102 (estimate 7/2020)

Capital: San Salvador

Population: 90% mestizos, 1% indigenous and about 9% European

Language: Spanish is the official language of the country. The local dialect or slang is called caliche. About 1% speak náhuataa

Main products: Coffee and sugar

Form of government: Republic

History. – The col. JA Rivera, head of the new military junta, endeavored to alleviate the misery of the peasantry by adopting measures aimed at bridging the gulf between the wealthy and dispossessed classes. In particular, the income tax, which struck the wealthiest categories, brought the government military accused of being pro-Communism. The return to constitutional practice took place in April 1962, with the presidential elections which registered the victory of the single candidate, Colonel Rivera, who ruled the fate of the country until 1967. The president showed himself consistent with his programs, initiating agrarian reform and improving the standard of living in the countryside; it also diversified agricultural production, increased industries and exports. Colonel Rivera gained great popularity but,

The excessive number of laborers from the El Salvador who moved to neighboring Honduras, whose population density is much lower, caused repeated border incidents to the point of unleashing a war between the two neighboring states. On July 14, 1969 the troops of the El Salvador entered the territory of Honduras and bombed towns and villages. The immediate intervention of the OAS managed to suspend the hostilities that had already caused thousands of deaths: on the 30th the El Salvador ordered the evacuation of his troops. The short but bloody conflict took the name of ” football war in power since the early 1960s, he confirmed his supremacy in the 1974 and 1977 elections; these last elections (20 July) led to the presidency of the Republic the gen. CH Romero candidate of the government party. The results of the popular consultation were violently contested by the opposition who accused the government of electoral fraud. A long period of unrest followed, culminating in the assassinations of politicians and kidnappings of foreign diplomats. The government resorted to martial law (May 23, 1979), but to no avail; on 6 September D. Romero, brother of the President of the Republic, was assassinated; the attack was claimed by the People’s Liberation Forces, an organization of the extreme left. On 15 October the Romero presidency was overthrown by a military junta.