Colombia. During the year, the government made progress in its negotiations with Colombia’s second largest guerrilla movement ELN (Ejército de Liberación Nacional), while the battles against the largest guerrilla FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia) instead increased in intensity. The main result of the negotiations with the ELN, which took place in Cuba, was that the ELN gained political status at the end of February. In return, the ELN proclaimed a one-sided cease-fire that would last until after the March congressional elections, and in October it was decided that formal peace negotiations would begin in December. At the same time, during the year, the rivalry between the two guerrilla groups developed into increasingly fierce battles between them, especially in the department of Arauca in the northeast, something that has not been very common so far. Negotiations between the government and the FARC on the exchange of prisoners and kidnapping victims led no where. An aggravating circumstance was a series of car bomb attacks during the second half of the year for which President Álvaro Uribe blamed FARC.
According to CountryAAH, major public holidays in Colombia include Independence Day (July 20) and New Year (January 1). The March 12 congressional election was a great success for President Uribe’s six-party coalition. In the Senate, the Partido Social de Unidad Nacional became the largest party and in the House of Representatives, although the opposition party Partido Liberal Colombiano (PLC) was the largest, the government coalition gained a majority there as well. During the run-up to the congressional elections, it was revealed that members of Uribe’s support parties had links to the banned paramilitary groups in the country, but the electoral corps apparently ignored it on Election Day. Probably contributed to the fact that 2,000 soldiers from the paramilitary Bloque Norte were disarmed just two days before the election and that a department of the FARC capitulated about the same time. During the year, it also became clear that Carlos Castaño, leader of the umbrella organization of the paramilitary forces AUC (Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia), who, under mysterious circumstances, was murdered in April 2004, was removed on orders by his own brother for fear of surrendering to the United States and revealing the paramilitary’s links to the cocaine leagues in Colombia. The government coalition’s success in the congressional elections also laid the foundation for President Uribe’s victory already in the first round of May 28, which he won by as much as 62% of the vote. He was thus elected for a second term. Carlos Gaviria, candidate for the left-wing Polo Democrático Alternativo (PDA), received only 22% of the vote. The government coalition’s success in the congressional elections also laid the foundation for President Uribe’s victory already in the first round of May 28, which he won by as much as 62% of the vote. He was thus elected for a second term. Carlos Gaviria, candidate for the left-wing Polo Democrático Alternativo (PDA), received only 22% of the vote. The government coalition’s success in the congressional elections also laid the foundation for President Uribe’s victory already in the first round of May 28, which he won by as much as 62% of the vote. He was thus elected for a second term. Carlos Gaviria, candidate for the left-wing Polo Democrático Alternativo (PDA), received only 22% of the vote.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||711,600,000,000 USD|
|GDP growth rate||1.80%|
|GDP per capita||$ 14,400|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||32.7%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||1.90%|
|Investment volume||24.2% of GDP|
|National debt||49.40% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 46,400,000,000|
Uribe’s second term began with two political proposals, both of which met strong political resistance – land reform and privatization of Colombia’s largest electricity producer Corelca. By taxing unused land at 30%, the government hoped to be able to release 3 million hectares of land for distribution to poor small farmers.
Colombia is located on the north coast of South America next to Venezuela and is a diverse country with a lot to offer the tourist. To the west rise the magnificent snow-capped peaks of the Andes, between which flow the rivers Cauca and Magdalena. To the south is the large tropical region of the “Amazon,” which belongs to the Amazon rainforest. To the north is an area called “Los Llanos” which is a savannah. On top of all this, Colombia is the only country in South America where you can enjoy the beaches of the Pacific and the Caribbean.
Colombia has a colorful history with countless civil wars, the effects of which are still widely visible throughout society. Between 1829 and 1830, Greater Colombia split into three parts: Venezuela, Ecuador, and New Granada. The new Granada became the United States of Colombia in 1863 and in 1886 it got its current name the Republic of Colombia.
- According to abbreviationfinder, CO is the abbreviation code for Colombia.
Colombia is one of the largest and tastiest coffee-producing countries in the world, its aroma can be felt even on the streets. In the Colombian capital, Bogota, you can explore the legendary, mysterious treasure of El Dorado, as well as visit the emerald factories. The population is a mix of descendants of Europeans, Africans and Indians, each with their own history and culture that can be experienced across the country. Colombians are a happy and friendly people for whom music and dance play a major role in everyday life. National music cumbia is heard everywhere in the country. Conditions in the country have improved tremendously in recent years, it is worth refuting prejudices towards the country and experiencing the exotic fascination of Colombia.
Area: 1,141,748 km²
Population: 49,084,841 (estimate 7/2020)
Population of mestizos, whites, mulattoes, blacks, sambos and Indians
Religion: Roman Catholic
The main products are
oil, coffee, banana and gold
Form of government: republic