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Zimbabwe

Yearbook 2006

2006 ZimbabweZimbabwe. Despite Zimbabwe's dire social and economic problems, the regime showed no signs of reconciling with the opposition. The ZCTU was forced to suspend a series of planned protest actions since the police seized and beat 30 of the country's top union leaders in September. According to CountryAAH, President Robert Mugabe justified the police brutality of unions trying to take the law into their own hands.

The opposition party Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) split when an outbreak group elected 40-year-old former student activist Arthur Mutambara as leader. The split within the MDC began in 2005 when disagreement erupted over whether the party would stand in the election to the newly created Senate.

For the second year in a row, Zimbabwe escaped with little need to be excluded from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) after a down payment of approximately SEK 65 million. In the last minute. However, the country still has a debt of over SEK 840 million. and is deprived of its voting rights within the organization. Inflation passed 1,000% in April and 1,200% in August. The fact that the central bank in August introduced a new currency with three zeros less than the old one did not reduce the financial problems. Nor did the decision to raise the policy rate to 500% appear to have any effect.

2006 Zimbabwe

Isolated by the western world, Zimbabwe went east to seek help. For payment in chrome, China will open new coal mines and build three hydroelectric power plants on the Zambezi River to try to solve the country's deep energy crisis. China also promised loans and credits for more than SEK 35 billion. on favorable terms. Russian companies were contracted for a number of infrastructure projects for more than SEK 2 billion.

The AIDS epidemic and difficult living conditions have in a short time reduced the life expectancy in Zimbabwe to the lowest in the world according to the UN agency WHO - 34 years for women and 37 for men. The country also has the highest proportion of orphans in the world. In one respect, the regime suggested that it may have contributed to the crisis. The white farmers who were driven away from their farms during the catastrophic land reform were offered to apply for long-term contracts to lease new agricultural land. And the black farmers who were allowed to take over the farms of the whites were told that if they did not start growing food quickly, the farms could be taken away from them.

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