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Yearbook 2006

Ukraine. The year began with conflict over Russia's gas supplies. Before the turn of the year, Russian state Gazprom had demanded higher prices from a number of former Soviet states and most of Ukraine, which would pay US $ 230 for 1,000 m 3instead of the previously subsidized price of $ 50. When the increase came into effect at New Year, there was no agreement, and Gazprom stopped deliveries. According to CountryAAH, Ukraine remained without gas while deliveries continued in transit lines through the country to other states. When the amount of gas also fell in these lines, a war of words broke out between Russia and Ukraine about who was to blame. The conflict received much attention in the EU. The Kremlin was accused of using the energy as a political pressure vehicle against neighboring countries that, like Ukraine, are applying to the EU and NATO. Such suspicions were reinforced by the fact that Moscow's allied Belarus was offered continued subsidies. After hard negotiations, Russia and Ukraine reached a temporary compromise, where Ukraine was able to buy both expensive Russian gas and cheaper from, among other things. Turkmenistan.3 gas. The government was criticized for the settlement and lost a vote of no confidence in Parliament. Behind the distrust was former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, who was dismissed by President Viktor Yushchenko the year before. She was determined to strengthen her position before the parliamentary elections in March. However, Prime Minister Yuriy Jechanurov refused to resign after the mistrust.

2006 Ukraine

The March election became a revenge for the loser in the presidential election just over a year earlier, Viktor Yanukovych. His Regions Party took over 32% of the vote, while President Yushchenko's Our Ukraine remained at just under 14%. Julia Tymoshenko's party block got just over 22%. Assessors saw the election as a dissatisfaction with the leader of the Orange Revolution, who has failed to improve the economy since coming to power. It was very difficult to form a new government coalition. The contradictions were great between the three leading parties, and no one wanted to rule with any of the others. Yushchenko's party worked for a long time to recreate the tripartite coalition that was dissolved six months earlier: Our Ukraine, the Tymoshenko Bloc and the Socialist Party. Despite difficult contradictions, it seemed to succeed after a few months. But then the opposition blocked the parliamentary session that would elect Tymoshenko to be prime minister. She was never elected. The Socialist Party broke the agreement, and with the support of the Regions Party and the Communist Party, the Socialists got their party leader Oleksander Moroz appointed President in Parliament. The new cooperation led to a new coalition, in which Yanukovych was appointed head of government in August. President Yushchenko, for the longest time, tried to prevent this, but eventually bowed to Parliament's majority. Yushchenko's party Our Ukraine also joined the coalition, but the conflicts there became too great and in October the party left the government. and with the support of the Party of Regions and the Communist Party, the Socialists got their party leader Oleksander Moroz appointed President in Parliament. The new cooperation led to a new coalition, in which Yanukovych was appointed head of government in August. President Yushchenko, for the longest time, tried to prevent this, but eventually bowed to Parliament's majority. Yushchenko's party Our Ukraine also joined the coalition, but the conflicts there became too great and in October the party left the government. and with the support of the Party of Regions and the Communist Party, the Socialists got their party leader Oleksander Moroz appointed President in Parliament. The new cooperation led to a new coalition, in which Yanukovych was appointed head of government in August. President Yushchenko, for the longest time, tried to prevent this, but eventually bowed to Parliament's majority. Yushchenko's party Our Ukraine also joined the coalition, but the conflicts there became too great and in October the party left the government.

In October, Yanukovych succeeded in establishing a new gas supply agreement with Russia. The price of US $ 130 per 1,000 m 3 was considered advantageous in relation to Russia's initial requirements. The success was attributed to Yanukovych, who is not as western-oriented as Yushchenko and strives for better relations with Moscow.

In December, Russian President Vladimir Putin came to Ukraine on his first visit since Western-friendly Viktor Yushchenko took office. The meeting was successful. The relationship between the two leaders and the two countries seemed to improve substantially one year after the bitter conflict over gas prices.

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