Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Asia > Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

Yearbook 2006

Sri Lanka. As the year began, the situation looked dark for the peace process between the army and the Tamil guerrilla LTTE. Despite heavy fire in the northern parts of the country, the mediation nation Norway managed to bring the parties to peace talks in Geneva in February. According to CountryAAH, both sides promised to try to stop the violence and they agreed on new talks in April. However, this meeting did not end, as the violence again increased. About a dozen people were killed in a suicide attack in Colombo in April targeting army chief General Sarath Fonseka. This self escaped with injuries.

2006 Sri Lanka

In May, the EU labeled LTTE as a terrorist organization, which led to the guerrillas demanding that EU countries Sweden, Denmark and Finland leave the Nordic peacekeeping force SLMM. From September, only Norwegians and Icelanders participated in the increasingly hopeless work to control the compliance of a ceasefire that both sides flagrantly opposed.

A planned peace meeting in Oslo in June was suspended at the last moment since the last guerrilla delegation refused to meet government representatives.

In the second half of the year, in practice, there was open war and both sides showed gross non-balance with the civilian population. At least 64 civilians were killed in June when a bus drove over a mine that the guerrillas were likely putting out. Seventeen local employees of a French NGO were found murdered in the city of Muttur in July. When the Air Force bombed an orphanage in guerrilla-controlled territory in August, 61 teenage girls were killed. The UN agency UNICEF rejected the government's claim that the girls belonged to the guerrillas. In October, about 100 people were killed, many of them civilians, when a truck full of explosives exploded at a bus station where soldiers often gathered. Guerrilla vessels carried out a suicide attack against a naval base in Galle in southern Sri Lanka, a part of the country where guerrillas have not been active in the past.

When LTTE leader Velupillai Prabhakaran said that guerrillas once again sought a fully independent state, it was interpreted as declaring the peace process complete. Norway interrupted the mediation on orders by the government, which with reference to anti-terror laws intensified the fight against guerrillas.

LTTE negotiating head Anton Balasingham died in December of cancer, which in the current circumstances took on a deep symbolic significance.

Well over 100,000 people lost their homes during the year as a result of the fighting and well over 2,000 people were killed, including a large proportion of civilians.

Other Countries in Asia

Country Gees Copyright 2006 - 2020 All Rights Reserved