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Sierra Leone

Yearbook 2006

Sierra Leone. According to CountryAAH, a new civilian United Nations organization, the United Nations Integrated Office in Sierra Leone (UNIOSIL), began its work at the turn of the year. It replaced the UNAMSIL peacekeeping military force and will help S. strengthen the democratic system so that general elections can be carried out in good order in 2007. For the same purpose, the government appointed a commission to review and improve the 1991 constitution. The Commission includes representatives of all major parties, religious communities, the judiciary, the media, business and other social organizations. The proposal for a new constitution must be submitted to a referendum in 2007.

2006 Sierra Leone

After the bloody civil war of the 1990s, relative stability has emerged and Sierra Leone is starting to benefit from its vast mineral wealth. Economic growth in 2005 was just over 7% and was expected to be at the same level in 2006. The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank rewarded Sierra Leone for its sound economic policy by writing off most of the country's foreign debt of about SEK 12 billion.

The work of investigating those responsible for the civil war took a major step forward when in March Nigeria agreed to extradite the wanted Charles Taylor, former president of Liberia and designated as a key person behind the war. He is charged with 17 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity. In the preliminary hearings in the UN-backed Special Court in Freetown, he pleaded not guilty in all cases. For security reasons, he was transferred to The Hague in the Netherlands in June, where the trial is expected to begin in April 2007 with organizational support from the International Criminal Court (ICC). It was considered too risky to keep him in Sierra Leone, where exemption attempts and perhaps provocations into a new war could be feared.

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