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Yearbook 2006

Russian Federation. The year began with Russian Gazprom's demand for higher gas prices for several neighboring countries. As early as the year before, the Russian Federation had made it clear that the heavily subsidized gas prices would only apply to members of the CIS (Independent States Commonwealth) who worked closely with the Russian Federation. At the turn of the year, the price for Ukraine was more than quadrupled, while Georgia and Moldova were largely demanded for double prices. There were three countries that distinguished themselves with Western-friendly policies and the pursuit of NATO and EU membership. When Ukraine and Moldova refused to pay the new price, the deliveries were shut down, which partly also affected other European countries receiving gas in pipelines via Ukraine. At the same time, the Russian Federation's allies Belarus had to keep their subsidized gas prices.

2006 RussiaAccording to CountryAAH, the Russian Federation received harsh criticism in the West and was accused of using its energy resources as a political weapon. Ukraine soon reached a compromise on a temporary increase, and in the fall the price was set at $ 130 per 1,000 cubic meters of gas, well below the $ 230 Russian Federation first demanded. The Russian Federation also came into conflict with Belarus over gas prices. Gazprom tried to take control of the Belarussian gas pipelines, and when it failed, Gazprom demanded a fourfold price. Gazprom explained during the year that the time of cheap energy is over and that Europe must adjust to higher gas prices as competition for energy sources increases.

2006 Russia

When President Vladimir Putin delivered his annual speech to the nation in May, it was unexpected family policy that dominated. The president was alarmed by the sharply declining population and urged Russian couples to have more than one child each. He also promised sharp increases in the child allowance.

The Russian Federation's conflict with Georgia worsened during the year. Moscow imposed boycott of Georgian wines, and Georgia's parliament demanded that Russian peacekeepers leave South Ossetia and Abkhazia and be replaced by an international UN force. Georgia considers that the peacekeepers support the separatists in the two outbreak republics.

The retreat of the Russian military from the former Soviet military bases in Georgia was ongoing but stopped when the Georgian police in September arrested four Russian militants accused of espionage. The Russian Federation demanded that the arrested persons be released and evacuated Russian citizens from Georgia. President Putin accused Georgia of trying to provoke the Russian Federation with the support of "foreign sponsors". The Russian military bases were alerted and Moscow cut off all transport links with Georgia, releasing the arrested military following intervention by the European Security Organization OSCE. Georgians residing in the Russian Federation had to pay for the conflict through stops for residence and work permits, through deportations and by asking schools in Moscow by the police to leave lists of pupils with Georgian names.

During the autumn, three Russian bankers were murdered, including central bank governor Andrej Kozlov. In October, journalist Anna Politkovskaya was murdered in what looked like a mafia execution in her Moscow apartment building. Politkovskaya had published repeated revelations about both the Russian army and the Chechen rebels' abuses in Chechnya. She had also published books on the same subject and on corruption, lawlessness and lack of democracy in "Putin's Russia".

A bomb attack in a Moscow market in August killed ten people. The victims were mainly immigrants, and the deed focused attention on the greatly increased xenophobia in the Russian Federation. Thousands of people with Caucasian or other foreign appearance are being beaten and harassed. At the same time, new reports of severe bullying and ill-treatment in the Russian army came during the year.

During the fall, Amnesty International presented a report with harsh criticism of the Russian Federation for extensive torture, which is used to force recognition of suspected criminals. According to Amnesty, the police use both rapes and electric shocks and baton strikes.

In November, former agent Alexandr Litvinenko died in London after being poisoned with the radioactive substance polonium-210. The suspicions were directed at his former employer, the Russian security service FSB. In a letter that became public after his death, Litvinenko accused President Putin of being behind the poisoning.

After thirteen years of negotiations, the Russian Federation was able to conclude a trade agreement with the United States in November, which in turn paved the way for the Russian Federation's membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO). The continued high oil prices provided huge revenues for the Russian economy during the year, but at the same time the social and economic gaps in the Russian Federation grew.

Before the turn of the year, the conflict over gas prices between the Russian Federation and Belarus intensified. During the threat of interrupted deliveries, Belarus agreed on a New Year's Eve increase of 47 to 100 US dollars per cubic meter of gas. In addition, Russian Gazprom gained control of a large part of the Belarussian pipeline network which channels Russian gas to the EU countries.

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