New Zealand. On August 15, Maori Queen Dame Te
Atairangikaahu passed away after over 40 years on the
throne. The week after, Moorish elders appointed her son
Tuheitia Paki as new king. He thus became the seventh
Moorish monarch since 1858. The monarchy has no formal
political power in the N., but it has a certain influence on
cultural and social issues.
A Yemeni national, Rayed Mohammed Abdullah Ali, was
deported to Saudi Arabia in June, partly because of
suspicions that he had direct contact with people behind the
terrorist attacks against the United States in 2001.
CountryAAH, another case of suspected terrorist links continued to
arouse debate. Algerian Ahmed Zaoui, who had been a
candidate for the Islamic Rescue Front (FIS) in the 1991
Algerian election, sought asylum in N. 2002. However, the
security service rated Zaoui as a security risk and he was
jailed without any trial. It was the first time anyone was
detained in N. for that reason. However, the charges against
him were not public. In 2004, Zaoui was released but his
freedom of movement was limited. Zaoui has been sentenced to
death in Algeria in his absence, but he has also been
sentenced for membership in an illegal organization in
Belgium and France. Human rights organizations have been
critical of how the authorities have acted and have
questioned the evidence used against him in Europe as well
as in N. Zaoui was granted refugee status in 2003.
At the end of November, Don Brash resigned as leader of
the bourgeois Nationalist Party after two years in office.
He had then tried to legally stop a book about the party,
which he said contained emails that had been stolen from his
personal computer. His actions were interpreted as having
something to hide. Brash denied the book's claims that the
Nationalist Party under his leadership had been influenced
by the conservative Christian sect Exclusive Brethren and US
neoconservative circles. Exclusive Brethren is suspected to
be behind a dirty campaign against the Labor Party and the
Green Party ahead of the 2005 election.
Theater in New Zealand
With the European colonization of the 1840s, a kind of
touring theater arose in New Zealand. It was mainly
melodramas played by the professional companies.
A branch of the British Drama League was established in
1932 and coordinated an extensive amateur theater business.
Classics by William Shakespeare, among others, were played
by students at Canterbury University College, but failed to
establish their own professional theater until the New
Zealand Players and Community Arts Service Theater started
in the 1950s. The former played in the largest cities, while
the latter mainly operated in the north and reached the
However, it was the radio that inspired a new generation
of professional playwrights from the late 1950s. With the
establishment of the Queen Elizabeth 2 Arts Council in 1964,
it became possible to support a new generation of
professional theater companies, such as The Southern Comedy
Players in Dunedin, Central Theater in Auckland and
Downstage Theater in Wellington. A common organization for
these theaters was The Association of Community Theaters
(ACT), and a theater education was established with the New
Zealand Drama School. The experimental Circa group in
Auckland has satirical comedy as a specialty.
The development of theaters based on local communities
(Community Theater) has laid the foundation for a Maori
theater associated with the New Zealand indigenous people.