Malaysia. An investigation into the police's treatment of
an arrested Chinese woman in the fall of 2005 found in
January that the police violated the woman's human rights
and violated the principles of Islam. The case came to
public awareness through a video showing how a policeman
humiliated the woman, including by undressing her naked and
body-visiting her while holding her ears. Police claimed
that this type of treatment is routinely used against
arrested, suspected drug holders.
In February, the government stopped indefinitely the
publication of the English-language newspaper Sarawak Times,
after choosing to publish the caricature drawings of the
Prophet Muhammad first published in the Danish newspaper
Jyllands-Posten in September 2005. It was the first time
since the 1980s as a Malaysian newspaper closed by the
In April, the government decided to stop the construction
of a new bridge across the Johor St, connecting the country
with Singapore in the south. Malaysia had earlier unilaterally
contracted builders earlier in the year to complete half of
the bridge, despite Singapore opposing the construction for
environmental and cost reasons. In connection with the
construction stoppage, Malaysia announced that the country did not
intend to resume negotiations with Singapore on a future
bridge construction - nor to discuss other bilateral issues,
such as the need for the Singaporean military aircraft to
use Malaysian airspace. The decision to stop the bridge
building received sharp criticism from the country's former
prime minister, Mahathir bin Mohamad, who had lately
increasingly publicly criticized current Prime Minister
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's political course. However, in the
upsetting conflict between the two men, their joint party,
the leading UMNO, gave Badawi full support. There were
high-ranking UMNO members who believed that Mahathir bin
Mohamad should leave the party, because with his criticism
he could create a division within UMNO.
CountryAAH, government-critical demonstrations, which are unusual in
Malaysia, were conducted in March in the capital Kuala Lumpur. The
protests, which raised fuel prices, led the police to use
tear gas against the protesters.
81-year-old Mahathir bin Mohamad spent a few days in
November in a hospital in Kuala Lumpur after suffering a
minor heart attack.
Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia; 5.7 million in the metropolitan area
(2010). The city is located on the central part of the Malacca peninsula approximately
40 km from the port town of Klang. Since World War II, the city has grown
rapidly. For fear of communist guerrilla activity, the surrounding Chinese
population in the years following the war resettled in controlled villages on
the outskirts of the city; these are now integrated with many Malay villages in
the area of the city. In the 1950's, the city grew west toward Klang in
connection with the construction of the consumer goods industry. After
industrialization really took off in the 1970's, a real business and housing
corridor was created between Kuala Lumpur and Kelang with new labor-intensive
companies, especially in the electronics industry. Due. its particular bass
information is Klangdalen plagued by air pollution.
In the old city center are some of the world's tallest office buildings, such
as the Twin Towers Petronas Towers (452 m). They signal the government's goal:
to make Kuala Lumpur a regional financial center in line with Hong Kong and
Another urban corridor facing the lake is under construction. In cleared
plantation areas, large public investments are being made in a new center for
state administration, the university and the ambitious Cyber-jaya, a business
area specially designed for the world's leading information technology
The first phase of the city's new, ambitious airport was opened in 1998. A
highway and high-speed rail link the airport with the city and the IT
development area Multimedia Super Corridor. The railway is built together with
the city's major metro and local rail networks.
The different phases of the city's development are reflected in the many
architectural expressions: the tin villas' splendid villas, piles of Malay
houses, Chinese stalls, monumental colonial buildings and modern skyscrapers.
However, much of the original disappears under the impression of rapid
development; this also applies to the informal sector's retailers and street
service. At the same time, the traffic problems have grown in step with the
urban renewal process.
Kuala Lumpur was established in the 1850's as a Chinese tin mining town in the
Selangor Sultanate. In 1880 the English made the city the capital of Selangor.
With the formation of the United Malay States in 1895, it became the federal
capital and has since maintained that status. In 1974, the city was declared
Federal Territory under the authority of the Federal Government.