Kosova Albanians are descendants of the Dardans who were
part of the Illyrians who inhabited the Balkans long before
the invasion of slaves in the 6th century and Ottomans in
the 14th century.
In 1878, Albanians from all regions held a national
council in Prizren. The Prizren League calls for the
unification of all Albanian territories into a unified
province of the Ottoman Empire. In 1880, the League demands
the formation of an autonomous state and proclaims itself to
the Albanian Provisional Government, which covers both
present-day Kosova and western Macedonia. It is beaten by
the Ottomans in 1881.
In 1909-12, the Albanian nationalist movement succeeded
in capturing all of Kosova and in addition occupies
Macedonia's present capital, Skopje. Independence is
proclaimed in Vlora, Albania, November 28, 1912. An
ambassador's conference in London in 1913 recognizes the
Albanian state, but without recognizing the surrounding
areas as Albanian - including Kosova.
In 1918, Serbia recaptures Kosova. The Treaty of
Saint-Germain defines the territory of the kingdom, which
will include Serbs, Croats, Slovenes and Kosova Albanians.
In 1938, an agreement was signed with Turkey allowing
40,000 Kosovan Albanian families to emigrate there for the
next 8 years.
During World War II, Kosova participated in the fight
against the German occupation forces. In 1942, the supreme
military command in Kosova is assigned to the supreme
command in Serbia. At the founding conference of the
National Liberation Council in Bujan in 1943, the Albanian
people were promised the right to self-determination and
even independence. However, this does not prevent a
subsequent national uprising by Shaban Polluzha from being
drowned in the blood of the Yugoslav National Liberation
Army. It sets up a military administration in Kosova. Upon
the establishment of Yugoslavia, Kosova gains the status of
autonomous territory within the Republic of Serbia.
In 1956, an anti-Albanian wave of terror ran across the
country sending many fleeing to Turkey. They are followed up
by mass demonstrations in 1968 in favor of the establishment
of Kosova as an independent republic within Yugoslavia. The
demonstrations resumed in 1981, again with demands to change
the country's status to republic within Yugoslavia.
In 1989, the demonstrations broke out again. On February
26, anti-demonstration police are dispatched to the country.
On February 28, the Yugoslav presidential government puts
Kosova in an emergency, and the day after the curfew is
imposed. In September, the children in the schools are
divided by nationality.