Iran. According to
CountryAAH, Iran's foreign policy relations during the year were
marked by the controversy surrounding the decision to resume
the country's peaceful nuclear research program. This
triggered international concern that Iran was also thinking of
trying to develop nuclear weapons. In January, Iran removed
seals that the UN Atomic Energy Agency located at a Natanz
research facility in central Iran. The EU Troika France, the
United Kingdom and Germany attempted to find a compromise,
on January 12, announced that the issue should be handled by
the UN Security Council. In February, the IAEA Board decided
to report Iran to the UN Security Council. Iran denied that the
country was trying to develop nuclear weapons. The US
government requested extra funding to support Iranian
opposition groups. Various mediation attempts failed and the
UN Security Council assigned IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei on
March 29 to review the program. IN: President Mahmoud
Ahmadinejad announced on April 11 that Iran had succeeded in
enriching uranium, but denied that the country was trying to
procure nuclear weapons. However, Iran showed no willingness
to compromise when ElBaradei visited the country on April
13. In a report to the Security Council on April 28,
ElBaradei noted that the IAEA lacked sufficient transparency
in the program. In May, the United States tried to convince
China, Germany, France, Russia and the United Kingdom to
agree on a common stance against Iran. China and Russia
rejected sharper writing. The Iranian leadership rejected
nuclear fuel offerings in exchange for freezing its own
program. At the end of July, the UN Security Council, with
the exception of Qatar, decided that Iran would discontinue
all enrichment and research by August 31, otherwise the
country risked sanctions. The time is postponed, and in the
fall, the Security Council continued to debate the writing.
On December 23, a resolution was passed with, inter alia,
targeted sanctions against eleven people and as many
organizations with links to I's nuclear and military
industries. Ahmadinejad replied that Iran would disregard the
UN decision and the country's parliament decided to review Iran's relations with the IAEA.
Stones and petrol bombs were thrown on February 6 against
the Danish Embassy and the Austrian Embassy in protest of
the Danish Jutland Post's publication of Muhammad cartoons.
Iran later announced a satire drawing contest on the
Holocaust. In December, a disputed conference on the
Holocaust was held, which gathered several people known to,
among other things, have denied the presence of gas chambers
in the Nazi extermination camps. Ahmadinejad defended the
conference and made several outcomes against Israel during
A cross-political commission, led by former US Secretary
of State James Baker, suggested at the end of the year that
the United States should seek support from, among other
things. Iran to stabilize the situation in Iraq. The proposal
did not lead to any immediate reaction from President Bush.
In December, Ahmadinejad was hit by domestic politics in
a backlash in the local elections and the election to the
expert council, whose 86 scribes nominate I's spiritual
leaders. Ahmadinejad's main opponent in the 2005
presidential election, former president Ali Akbar Hashemi
Rafsanjani, won the election and his supporters gained a
clear majority in the expert council. The council acts as an
advisor to the highest spiritual leader. In the local
elections, reform supporters received the most votes in many
cities and in the capital Tehran, Ahmadinejad's supporters
received only two of fifteen seats.
The spot market price of oil rose sharply in early April
since Iran announced that a successful test had been conducted
with an underwater missile in connection with military
exercises in the Hormuz Strait, through which large
quantities of the world's oil are being shipped.
In November, Iran conducted exercises with different
medium-range robots of the Shahab type.
In the Arab-dominated province of Khuzestan's capital
Ahvaz, two explosive charges exploded on January 23,
demanding at least nine casualties and 46 injuries. Iran
accused British soldiers based in Iraq of the deed, which
Britain denied. Two men were hanged on March 2 after
pleading guilty; the execution was broadcast on TV.
Britain was also accused in March of attempting such
political and religious unrest in the eastern province of
Sistan-e Baluchistan after 21 people were killed in a raid
against a state delegation.
In May, the Iranian state newspaper was shut down after
publishing a derogatory drawing that triggered violent
protests among Azeris in Tabriz in northwestern Iran. At least
50 people were arrested.
During the year, the government also closed the financial
newspaper Asia and the women's magazine Nour-e Banovan.
Revolutionary Guard commander General Ahmad Kazemi was
among the at least thirteen people who died when a military
aircraft crashed in January in northwestern Iran.
On November 27, 36 people were killed when an Iranian
military plane crashed shortly after takeoff from Tehran
In September, 28 people were killed when a passenger
plane began to burn after landing in Meshed in northeastern
At least 70 people were killed and 1,200 injured when
Western Iran was shaken by three earthquakes on March 31.