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Democratic Republic of the Congo

Yearbook 2006

Congo. In February, the UN, the EU, the Red Cross and other organizations appealed to the world's countries for about SEK 5 billion. in humanitarian aid to K. The situation in the disintegrated and poor country is disastrous. Millions lack decent human housing, the sanitary conditions are terrible, there is severe food shortages and almost all health care is eliminated. Yet after six months, only a third of the requested sum had flown in, and aid organizations spoke bitterly that 1,000 civilians died unnecessarily every day.

2006 Democratic Republic of the Congo

Although the war officially ended in 2003, battles continued periodically in parts of the country. In Shaba (Katanga) in the southeast, over 100,000 people were displaced during the first months of the year due to fighting between the army and militia. Towards the end of the year, more than 10,000 fled to Uganda, away from fighting between the army and the forces of a local warlord. However, one of the worst militia leaders from the Ituri region in the northeast, Thomas Lubanga, was arrested and sent to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, where he was indicted on three counts for war crimes involving forced recruitment of children. Deputy President and Candidate Jean-Pierre Bemba was reported to the ICC by a court in the Central African Republic, where his militia was accused of assaulting civilians in helping it defeat a coup attempt in 2002.

According to CountryAAH, a large part of the year was marked by K's first democratic elections since 1960. The UN gave the EU clear sign of sending an elite force of about 1,500 men, including a smaller group of Swedes, to be prepared for the elections. The electoral movement became extremely dirty. The candidates were criticized for gross, unfounded allegations against each other and a complete lack of ethics and corporate social responsibility. Several elections were disturbed by violence and clashes. But election observers also urged the police to respect the freedom of assembly, since several campaign meetings were dissolved by force of order. However, the July 30 elections themselves were conducted under mostly peaceful forms. Transitional regime president Joseph Kabila received the most votes in the first round of the presidential election, but was forced to a decisive round against Jean-Pierre Bemba. Severe unrest erupted in the capital Kinshasa between the boats' supporters and private militia when the result was announced and about twenty people were killed. In the parliamentary elections, Kabila's party received the PPRD most mandate, almost before Bemba's MLC, and as expected it became necessary to form a coalition government. Prior to the second round, Kabila was supported by the two most prominent candidates, including 81-year-old former Deputy Prime Minister Antoine Gizenga, who was close associate of K's legendary first leader Patrice Lumumba. In the decisive election, Kabila received just over 58% of the vote against just under 42% for Bemba. The latter appealed, but the protest was rejected by the Supreme Court and he then admitted defeated. On December 6, 35-year-old Joseph Kabila could be formally and officially installed as Africa's youngest president in the presence of a number of other heads of state from the continent. He appointed Antoine Gizenga a few weeks later as prime minister.

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