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Yearbook 2006

Canada. The January 23 election led to a change of power for the first time in twelve years. The Conservative Party of Canada received 124 of the 308 seats against just over 103 seats for the Liberal Party. The election was also a success for the Social Democratic New Democratic Party, which received 29 seats, an increase of ten compared to the 2004 election, while the separatist Bloc Québécois stepped back somewhat and stayed for 51 seats. The turnout was almost 65%. The result was interpreted as a reaction to the corruption scandal within the Liberal Party that was revealed in 2004. But behind the Liberals' defeat, there was also a desire for change. The Conservatives had, among other things, gone to elections with promises of increased transparency in government affairs, tougher gun laws and shorter care queues. Conservative leader Stephen Harper formed a minority government on February 6. The budget presented by the new government later that month contained a number of tax cuts. The Liberals' leader, former Prime Minister Paul Martin, resigned after the election.

According to CountryAAH, 2006 CanadaCanada had over 2,000 troops in Afghanistan in the NATO-led force in the troubled area of ​​Qandahar, where fierce fighting was taking place. On his first trip abroad, Harper visited Afghanistan and his own troops there. A barely majority of the lower house voted in May for the Canadian force to remain in the country until 2009. However, the issue of the Canadian presence in Afghanistan sparked a lot of debate. By mid-September, a total of 32 Canadian soldiers and a diplomat had been killed in Afghanistan since the force was sent there in 2002.

In May, it was clear that Canada was unable to limit its greenhouse gas emissions to the extent promised in the Kyoto Protocol. Emissions were reported to be as much as 35% higher than promised.

2006 Canada

Seventeen Canadian Muslims, most of whom were born or raised in Canada, were arrested in early June in the Toronto area accused of planning multiple terror attacks. Five of the arrested were younger than 18 years. The men were prosecuted under the anti-terrorism law of 2001. The intelligence service claimed that there were sixty groups and over 300 individuals under surveillance because of suspicions that they sympathized with terrorists.

In June, Prime Minister Harper apologized to Canadian-born Canadians for apologizing for how immigrants from China had been discriminated between 1885 and 1923, when they were charged a special tax of up to $ 500. The purpose was to prevent Chinese immigrants from taking their families with them, and from 1923 all Chinese immigration was stopped for 25 years. The government now decided to pay a symbolic damages of nearly $ 18,000.

The Conservative Party won the provincial election in Nova Scotia in June. However, the party went back and its leader Rodney MacDonald was allowed to form a minority government. In New Brunswick, there was a change of power in September when the Liberals took over the province. In the Yukon Territory, a regional party, the Yukon Party, won ten of the eighteen seats in the October elections.

A public inquiry in the fall criticized federal police for how it acted in the case of Maher Arar, a Syrian-born Canadian citizen who was deported from the United States to Syria in 2002 after Canadian authorities mistakenly identified him as a Muslim extremist. Arar claimed he was tortured during the eight months he was imprisoned in Syria, which was confirmed by the investigation which also freed him from any suspicion of involvement in terrorist activities. Parliament apologized publicly for how the police acted in Arar's case. In early December, the country's chief of police resigned after admitting that several mistakes had been made in the case.

In November, the House of Commons voted for Quebec to be recognized as "a nation" within the Canadian Federation. The vote took place on the initiative of Prime Minister Harper, who hoped that this - despite the decision not giving Quebec any new formal rights - would reduce support for the separatist Quebec Party (PQ) in the upcoming provincial election.

In early December, the Liberal Party appointed former Environment Minister Stéphane Dion a new party leader.

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