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Yearbook 2006

Burundi. Following continued sporadic fighting during the year, the last armed hut movement, the National Liberation Forces (FNL), entered into a cease-fire agreement with the government in October. All members of the FNL were granted legal immunity for political crimes, but not for war crimes, which will be examined by a future Truth Commission. Already in April, the nightly curfew that had been in effect for 34 years was lifted.

2006 Burundi

In 2005, Burundi had been characterized by optimism, when general elections led to a division of power that would put an end to the ethnic conflict between Hutu and Tutsi. Now, pessimism rose again and the new government was increasingly criticized for incompetence and corruption. The dominant party, the former Hutumilis Democratic Defense Forces (FDD), was accused of putting the divide of power in practice. According to CountryAAH, the human rights organization Human Rights Watch accused the security service of summary executions of at least 38 people during the year and hundreds of arbitrary arrests.

In October, the country was shocked by the news that seven high-ranking politicians, including former President Domitien Ndayizeye and a former vice president, had been arrested following allegations of preparations for coup attempts. The Supreme Court was criticized for bowing to political pressure when it changed its decision to release them against bail. Within the opposition, there were strong doubts that there were any coup plans, and Vice President Alice Nzomukunda resigned in protest of what she called human rights violations and corruption on the part of the FDD leadership.

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