Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > South America > Bolivia

Bolivia

Yearbook 2006

Bolivia. On January 4, the electoral authority announced the final results of the December congressional election, which showed that President Evo Morales Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS) has obtained its own majority in the House of Representatives. In the Senate, no party has any upper hand, but the parties of the right-wing opposition are expected to find it easier to get majorities together than MAS. High hopes have been tied both to Bolivia's peasants and workers and to the Latin American left to Evo Morales, the first Indian in Bolivia's presidential post. The fact that he represents something new in Bolivian politics in several respects was shown, among other things, by having dressed in chompa, the Aymara people's traditional costume at the installation ceremony on January 23.

2006 Bolivia

According to CountryAAH, Morale's first major task, to convene a Constituent Assembly to write a new constitution for the purpose of "founding" the republic, was realized on July 2. In the referendum on regional self-government, which was held at the same time, the jas side received strong support in the four easternmost departments in the "Crescent Region" (the eastern provinces of Santa Cruz, Tarija, Beni and Pando), where Bolivia's gas deposits are located. The election result as a whole was a disappointment to the government. Admittedly, MAS received the majority of the votes in the Constituent Assembly election, but it was not as overwhelming as expected and less than Morale's majority in the presidential election.

The constitutional work also got off to a bad start when the opposition in September boycotted the Assembly in protest at the fact that MAS succeeded in enforcing a decision that constitutional amendments can be taken with a simple instead of a qualified majority, which gives MAS great influence, and that the Constitutional Assembly gains sovereign status over all other state functions. The opposition called it a constitutional coup and threatened with protests and lockouts. MAS had anticipated the May 1 decision to raise the tax on oil and natural gas extraction for foreign companies from 50% to 82%, and the spectacular military takeover of the privately owned gas field San Alberto would provide greater support. The government also proclaimed that major land reform is planned.

In October, the government was shaken by a clash between miners at Bolivia's richest tin mine in Huanani, with 16 dead and 61 injured as a result. The triggering factor was a government proposal to divide the mine between the state COMIBOL and the cooperative Fencomin.

Foreign policy was characterized by clear markings on the part of Morale, but also a willingness to compromise. He began the year with a comprehensive international tour, including Madrid, Paris and Brussels, where his main business was to reassure investors who saw him as a threat to EU investment in Bolivia, and to South Africa and China. He also visited Cuba and Venezuela, where Presidents Fidel Castro and Hugo Chávez welcomed Morale's victory in Bolivia as another addition to the Latin American left wave. The support from both countries was expressed in the pledges of millions of dollars in aid for social projects and a favorable oil import agreement. The reactions to the decision on tax on foreign oil and natural gas exploitation were low-key from both the US and Spain and Brazil, who have both invested heavily in Bolivia's natural gas sector. With Chile, a cautious dialogue was opened that Bolivia would reclaim lands lost to the country in 1883. However, a diplomatic conflict with the United States broke out as a result of the revelation that in October 2005, air defense missiles had been brought to the United States to be destroyed by fear that they would be destroyed. would come into the hands of a socialist government through Morale's victory in the presidential election. Another notable incident in relations with the United States was the bomb attacks on hotels in La Paz on March 21 with two fatalities and eleven injuries done by a mentally ill American who claimed to be admirers of Usama bin Laden. However, a diplomatic conflict with the United States erupted as a result of the revelation that in October 2005, anti-aircraft missiles had been brought to the United States for fear of being destroyed by fear of coming into the hands of a socialist government through Morale's victory in the presidential election. Another notable incident in relations with the United States was the bomb attacks on hotels in La Paz on March 21 with two fatalities and eleven injuries done by a mentally ill American who claimed to be admirers of Usama bin Laden. However, a diplomatic conflict with the United States erupted as a result of the revelation that in October 2005, anti-aircraft missiles had been brought to the United States for fear of being destroyed by fear of coming into the hands of a socialist government through Morale's victory in the presidential election. Another notable incident in relations with the United States was the bomb attacks on hotels in La Paz on March 21 with two fatalities and eleven injuries done by a mentally ill American who claimed to be admirers of Usama bin Laden.

Other Countries in South America

Country Gees Copyright 2006 - 2020 All Rights Reserved